Scar care after surgery and injuries: This is how you can treat new and old scars!

“Nobody goes through life without scars” once said the American actress Carol Burnett. Indeed, surgeries and injuries often leave visible marks on our skin. Even if the wounds have healed well, visible scars may remain. If these are large, they are not only visual flaws, but can also itch, tighten and pain. Scars on fingers and hands can also restrict freedom of movement. But also smaller scars on unclothed parts of the body are perceived as annoying by most people. The same applies to scars that occur after cosmetic surgery: you want to make them disappear as quickly as possible. Therefore, correct scar care after surgery, injuries and burns is an important part of the healing process and should by no means be underestimated. We explain how you can treat new and old scars. In the case of deep wounds, however, a consultation with a dermatologist or cosmetic surgeon is an absolute must.

Scar care after surgery, injuries and burns: what are scars actually?

Healing Scar Care On The Face And What Scar Care Oils To Apply Tips

If only the epidermis is injured, the skin can regenerate within a month and usually no scar is formed. After deep injuries, burns or operations, however, it takes significantly longer, sometimes even a few years, until the tissue is completely renewed. The body has a protective mechanism that is supposed to accelerate wound healing: it tries to close the injured tissue more quickly through a scar. Since this is an emergency measure, more emphasis is placed on expediency than on the appearance of the new skin. It therefore consists mainly of fiber-forming collagen cells, has a red color and an uneven surface without hair.

Post-op scar care promote healing after pulling sutures

How long the resulting scar will really be visible depends primarily on where it is located. If the scar is exposed to strong tension, for example on parts of the body such as joints, arms or knees, the healing process takes significantly longer. It is also very important how the wound was created. Surgical wounds have a smooth edge that heals quickly. The scars that appear are thin lines. Wounds that occur after injuries or burns, on the other hand, have an irregular edge. Accordingly, the scars that form are larger and more difficult to treat.

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Furthermore, the age of the patient and his skin type also influence the scarring. In general, the skin of young children and adolescents heals the fastest, but this can lead to excessive scarring. Less connective tissue is produced in adults between 20 and 40, and the scars are smaller and less noticeable than in children. Wounds take longer to heal in people 40 and older, which can lead to inflammation.

Scar care after surgery and injuries: an overview of the different types of scars

Scar care according to surgery Scar types at a glance Sketch

While those affected often speak of “new” and “old” scars, doctors differentiate between mature and immature scars. Scars that are older than 2 years are called mature. With them it is assumed that the body has completed tissue formation. However, this does not mean that mature scars cannot be treated, because the skin renews itself every 28 days. Even so, it may take longer for the results to be visible. Those scars on which the remodeling processes are still in progress are called immature. You can be treated faster.

Doctors also differentiate between five types of scar, depending on the appearance and treatment of the scar:

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1. Fibrous scars are those that arise from minor injuries. They usually heal on their own as only the epidermis is affected. Most fibrous scars will go away in 1-4 months. Home remedies can help here and accelerate healing.

2. Sclerotic scars are hard to the touch and consist of contracted tissue. They are mostly extensive and form after burn wounds. If the scars are on the joints, hands, and feet, they can interfere with movement.

Caring for scars on the hand after surgery Tips for greater mobility

3. Atrophic scars are mostly a result of acne and are therefore still known as acne scars. They occur when the body does not produce enough connective tissue and a deepened scar is created as a result.

4. Hypertrophic scars and keloid scars have one thing in common: superfluous connective tissue is formed during the healing process. With hypertrophic scars, the tissue usually breaks down again, with keloid scars, however, the connective tissue extends beyond the edge of the wound and often affects healthy skin. Both types of scars should be carefully cared for and treated accordingly after consulting a dermatologist.

When to start with scar care after surgery?

Make scars invisible with healing ointments after surgery

Basically, the following rule of thumb applies: start with scar care as soon as possible so that the scar disappears faster or even does not even form a scar in the first place. You should still take your time at the beginning. Because depending on how the wound was created, you should wait a certain time until it has completely healed. It usually takes two weeks before you can start grooming. In individual cases, if additional complications such as inflammation have to be treated, the doctor will advise you to wait before taking care of the scars after surgery.

When to start with scar care after surgery: Care for scars after pulling threads

Care after surgery and make scars invisible

For many of those affected, the question arises, especially after a surgical procedure, when you should start with scar care. Often times, patients are advised to start scar care as soon as possible. Nevertheless, you should wait two weeks for the wound to close. After the doctor pulls the stitches, you can discuss the scar care in detail with him. In the first few weeks after the operation, a fresh scar is usually protruding and looks reddish. You should also expect unpleasant sensations such as itching during the first month. The area around the scar may be numb for the first few months or even the first year. That shouldn’t bother you either, as long as you have regular medical examinations.

As long as the doctor does not prescribe anything else, scar care is carried out by pulling threads:

Scar care after surgery from when to care for scars after pulling threads

After discharge from the clinic and after the plasters and bandages have been removed by the doctor, you can usually take a shower every day and carefully clean the areas with soap as long as they are not wet. You can then apply a very thin layer of ointment to clean and dry skin. While doing this, massage the scar to encourage the skin to absorb the healing cream. The scar creams and gels for wound healing supply the tissue with moisture. You can also find plasters that contain silicone oil in pharmacies. The silicone oil makes the scar softer and more elastic.

Avoid lifting heavy objects or stretching the affected parts of the body for the first two months after the operation. Certain sports in which the skin is exposed to external influences, such as swimming, should also be avoided in the beginning.

When to start with scar care after breast surgery?

How to care for scars after breast surgery and make them invisible

Scars after breast surgery can be treated with creams in a similar way to other scars after surgery. In these cases, scar care also includes a daily massage, which has a positive effect on the healing process. A scar massage in the morning, at noon and in the evening has proven to be optimal. You should massage the scar and the area around the scar with circular movements. Here, too, you should avoid stretching exercises and stretching your arms upwards in the first few weeks. Especially with these wafer-thin lines, it is important to be patient. A daily care routine in the coming months is therefore an absolute must. Patience definitely pays off, because after a consistent treatment, the skin becomes firmer and brighter.

Scar care after upper eyelid lift

Scar care after upper eyelid lift Tips for invisible scars

The scars that form after an upper eyelid lift are very fine and hardly noticeable even without scar care. As a rule, there is nothing wrong with treating the scar with a special cream. Most cosmetic surgeons pull the stitches a week after the correction. As soon as the scar is no longer wet, you can apply a thin layer of eye ointment or silicone cream to it once a day. Use eye cream for sensitive skin without fragrances and preservatives to avoid allergies. Massage is also useful in this case, but you should wait two or three weeks for the swelling to subside. Then you can start to massage the eye ointment into the scar three times a day using circular movements without pressure.

Treat acne scars and scars on the face

Facial scar care and acne scars removal successfully

Acne diseases often leave their mark. This is where acne scars are the most difficult to treat. Of course, that doesn’t mean you can’t improve the complexion of your skin. On the contrary, as there are several treatment options that can reduce the scarring. Above all, it is important that the acne disease is completely cured. Usually, most dermatologists recommend a mild variant of acne scar treatment first, namely a daily massage with healing ointments. It is important that you use acne cosmetic products that are called “non-comedogenic”. They contain significantly fewer fatty oils that can cause pimples to develop. It is best to choose perfume-free creams for wound healing. If the healing ointments do not lead to the desired result, most of them resort to products that contain fruit acid. In the pharmacies, products with different concentrations of fruit acid are sold. AHA peelings with a concentration of 3% to 12% are suitable for home use. At higher concentrations, the peeling is done by a beautician or doctor. In specialized beauty salons peelings are made with fruit acid 40%, while the dermatologist can do a peel with fruit acid 70%.

From when to care for scars after an upper eyelid lift

Scars on the face from injury or after surgery are treated similarly to any other scar. Here, however, sun protection plays an important role in the end result. Since the face is exposed to strong sunlight every day, you should apply sunscreen with a protection factor of at least 30 every day. Otherwise pigmentation can occur.

Scar care home remedies: With natural cosmetics you can make scars invisible

Scar care home remedies yourself make coconut oil for your face and skin

In the case of minor injuries and wounds that are not deep, you can also use natural cosmetics to help and promote the healing process. Natural remedies include coconut oil, avocado oil and olive oil, for example. They are suitable for use on various parts of the body. However, if you have acne and want to care for a scar on your face, then you should rather use special cosmetics. Otherwise, the oils can do a lot, including supplying the skin with nutrients, making it softer and more elastic and also have an antibacterial effect. They are also well suited for treating wounds in children. Here, too, the rule of thumb applies: Either cover the treated body parts or apply sunscreen. Olive oil in particular can lead to sunburn in summer. In addition, the natural remedies can help with fresh wounds and completely prevent scarring. But don’t apply it to oozing wounds and wounds that are still healing. You can only treat the scar with natural cosmetics after the wound has closed completely.

Scars care after surgery with home remedies makes scars invisible

This article contains only general information on the subject of “scar treatment” and can in no way replace a consultation with a doctor. Never use the tips for self-diagnosis. We also advise against self-treatment. It is best to ask your doctor which variant of treatment is best for your skin.