Sneezing, itching and burning sensations: Anyone who has a dry nose knows the symptoms all too well. Both in winter and in summer, the nasal mucous membrane can dry out under the influence of weather or as a result of an illness. And a dry nasal mucous membrane can no longer fulfill its perhaps most important task, namely to protect against bacteria and viruses. Then it can happen that dirt particles and pathogens infect the nasal mucous membrane. We’ll give you tips on nasal care, which you can use to maintain a good nasal climate, and explain which home remedies really work.
What cause can a dry nose have?
The nasal mucous membrane is a complicated organ with an important task: it warms the air we breathe when it is cold outside. The humidified, purified and warm air can get into our lungs faster. The nasal mucous membrane, together with the nasal hairs, fulfills another function: it filters out dirt particles, poles, viruses and bacteria. A dry nose quickly leads to the fact that less mucus film forms, which is supposed to protect us from harmful pathogens and dust. The consequences are not long in coming: If the protective barrier does not work properly, it can lead to inflammation, nasal congestion and unpleasant sensations. That is why it is important to moisten the nasal mucosa. Most doctors recommend treating it in a timely manner, not mistaking the dry nose as a temporary symptom that will go away on its own. Fortunately, there are plenty of tricks and home remedies that can help with a dry nose. However, it is important to know the exact cause of the dry nasal mucosa. We list several possible causes:
1. Weather and indoor climate: The dry air is the most common cause of dry nasal mucosa. But a strong wind can also contribute. Surprisingly, both the cold air at minus temperatures and the hot air at over 30 ° Celsius can have a negative effect on the sensitive organ. A dry nose in winter is not uncommon for most people, mainly because the indoor air is usually too dry and outside the wind whips the cold air into the face.
2. Who cleans his nose too often removes the protective layer from the nasal mucous membrane and prevents a new protective barrier from forming. That is why it depends on the right nasal care, which guarantees that the nasal mucosa remains moisturized. However, it is not advisable to overdo it. We explain below what proper nose care entails.
3. Allergy sufferers often suffer from a dry nose. The immune system of those affected is too sensitive to pollen, dust and other stimuli. Often seasonal, allergic rhinitis occurs in most people in spring and late summer when pollen is flying through the air. The result is the annoying hay fever, which can be treated with special drugs prescribed by the doctor.
4. Colds in diseases of the upper respiratory tract. A cold in spring and summer indicates an allergic reaction, but in winter the reason is usually different. Many viruses circulate every year that can cause diseases of the upper respiratory tract. A symptom of this is the runny nose, which usually does not last more than a week. In this case, too, the moist nasal mucous membrane plays a decisive role and can additionally accelerate the improvement.
5. For many women, a dry nose is one of the symptoms of menopause. During this period, the level of estrogen drops and this can cause dry nasal lining. If the nose becomes blocked as a result, only home remedies and certain nasal sprays can help.
6. Those who suffer from a lack of fluids often have to contend with a dry nose. If the body is not adequately supplied with water, then it cannot form a moist protective layer. The nose dries out and we are much more susceptible to pathogens.
7. A dry nose can also have other causes. Sometimes it is a symptom of impaired thyroid function. If this is the case, then it is important to see a doctor and get advice. Even if nasal congestion is only a temporary complaint, treatment for the disease is often necessary.
Dry nose, what to do?
The first step in relieving the discomfort is to identify the cause of the dry nose early on. Only then can you properly treat the symptom. We will explain to you how you can identify the cause yourself and when you need to see a doctor. We also have several home remedy recipes that can help.
If you feel dry nasal mucous membrane inside, then it may be due to the heating
If the nasal mucous membrane only dries out in winter, it may be due to the weather and the heating air. In these cases, a humidifier can help. And even if you suffer from a dry nose only at night, you should also humidify the air in the room during the day in winter. Because there is really no point if your nasal mucous membrane dries out in the office all day and you then turn on the humidifier for 1-2 hours at home in the evening. Optionally, you can also put a pot of water on the heater. There are two options here: you can either find a compact humidifier for the table in stores or you can inhale steam with salt water or herbs in the evening. Regular ventilation during the cold season can also help. This is where intermittent ventilation comes in, in which you open the windows wide for a short time. Ventilate every 3-4 hours for the best possible results. In addition, you should make sure that the room temperature in the living area is between 20 ° and 23 ° Celsius, and in the bedrooms between 18 ° and 20 °.
If you feel a stuffy nose outside when you go for a walk, especially in winter: It could be because of the cold air and the wind
What to do when the nose is dry and that only happens after a walk in the cold season? You can protect your nose from the cold air by wrapping your scarf around your mouth. You can also treat the dry nose with olive oil on the inside. Before going out, drip 3-4 drops of olive oil into your nose and gently squeeze your nostrils. Try to create a smooth transition between cold and warm in your own home. For example, you can set the heating to 20 ° Celsius before you go out.
If you have an allergy, your doctor can prescribe medication to relieve the discomfort. Nasal decongestant sprays usually help. You can take this for a maximum of 5-6 days. After that, there is a risk that the body will slowly get used to their active ingredients. After therapy, you can moisten the nasal mucosa with home remedies. Allergy sufferers should also drink more water – i.e. 2 liters per day. The reason for this is very simple: your nose dries out faster if you have hay fever. In order for the nasal mucosa to recover and form a new protective layer, it needs fluid.
Proper nasal care for colds
If you have a cold, you can wait 3-4 days and see if the symptoms go away on their own. However, if you have a dry nose for more than a week that feels stuffy at the same time, you should seek advice from your doctor. He can best assess whether the cause is the cold itself or a bacterial infection. You should also consult a doctor if your olfactory ability also decreases or your nose is bleeding. In the meantime, rinsing your nose with salt water can alleviate the symptoms.
Dry nose at night: what you can do about dry nasal mucosa at night
If you suffer from a dry nose at night, then you should consider whether the room temperature is really suitable. Two possible reasons for the dry mucous membrane of the rabbit are: 1) A cold 2) Air that is too dry. These little tricks will help you: ventilate the room before you go to bed and set the thermostat to level 2 (room temperature between 16 ° and 20 ° Celsius)
Dry nose in babies: saline solution can help
Babies and toddlers often experience a dry and blocked nose because the ducts connecting the ears and nose are still too narrow. Whenever the little ones have a cold, and unless the doctor has recommended otherwise, you can make a saline solution yourself. Pour 1 liter of water into a saucepan and bring it to a boil. Let the water boil for 5 minutes and then add 1 teaspoon of salt. Take the saucepan off the stove and let the saline solution cool at room temperature. Then fill them into pipette bottles and drip 1-2 drops into the baby’s nose. To prevent the nasal mucosa from drying out, you can fill 1 bowl with lukewarm water and place it on the heater. You can also use humidifiers or take the baby to the bathroom and run hot water in the shower area. Under no circumstances wash the baby with hot water, otherwise there is a risk of burns! The child should only inhale the steam for several minutes.
Dry Nose: Home Remedies That Really Help
First, clean your nose with a nasal douche. Rinse them with a saline rinse to rid them of dirt and excess slime. You can also find nasal sprays with sea water in pharmacies, which are particularly effective and have a slight antibacterial effect. Most of these sprays are suitable for everyday use as they contain no other active ingredients other than sea salt. Don’t overdo it – clean your nose 2-4 times a week. Take regular 10-day breaks to allow your mucous membrane to recover. A nasal douche is not recommended for colds, but allergy sufferers find it very helpful.
Olive oil can help with a dry, crusty nose. Put 1-2 drops in your nose and massage your nostrils. You should not use olive oil with nasal drops as it may make them less effective.
Drink 4-5 cups of herbal tea for colds every day. Try to inhale the steam from the tea first and then drink the tea. Try to provide your body with adequate water. You will need 1.5-2.5 liters of water a day, especially if you have a cold.
The humidity in the bedroom should be between 60% and 70%. The quickest way to regulate it is to use a humidifier, but you can also, for example, place several pieces of wet clothing on the heater in the bedroom.
Indoor plants can regulate the indoor climate. They provide air humidification in a natural way, because they divert the irrigation water back into the room. They also filter pre-existing toxins from the air. The suitable plant species are usually evergreen exotic species such as the bamboo palm, the dragon tree or the weeping fig. They are pretty easy to care for and undemanding in terms of location. That is why they are suitable for both large living areas and small living rooms. In the bedroom, you can put an orchid on the bedside table or on the windowsill. In contrast to the other plants, it releases oxygen and absorbs CO2 at night. So you can enjoy a sound sleep.