Chinese health officials identified a new case of bubonic plague today. It is about the disease that triggered the “Black Death” pandemic in the middle of the 13th century. However, experts claim that thanks to antibiotics, the disease is nowhere near as deadly as it used to be. The new case was found on a shepherd in the northern city of Bayannur. Local health officials issued a third level warning advising people to avoid hunting, eating, or transporting animals that could potentially transmit the disease.
The bubonic plague is at risk today?
In the midst of the COVID-19 pandemic, it can be scary to imagine another disease spreading around the world – especially one as notorious as the bubonic plague. The diagnosis comes months after the Chinese government announced that three people in the country had contracted pneumonic plague late last year. Unlike COVID-19, medicine has clear treatments for bubonic plague today. In addition, with some cases occurring in the United States each year, the disease is rare. That said, there is next to no chance that humanity would ever experience a pandemic like the 14th century.
Unlike in the 14th century, infectious disease doctors already have an understanding of how this species can be transmitted. People can prevent this by taking protective measures. You should avoid handling sick or dead animals in areas where transmission occurs. Medical professionals are also able to treat infected patients with effective antibiotics. So by administering medication, those who may have been exposed to the bacteria can avoid infection.
Spread of the infectious disease
Bubonic plague is a serious infection of the lymphatic system caused by a bacteria called Yersinia pestis (Y. pestis). These bubonic plague bacteria spread via infected fleas or animals such as rodents, squirrels or rabbits. As a result, the bubonic plague can now be passed on to people who are bitten or scratched. The plague can also cause a number of symptoms. Some of these would be, for example, fever, vomiting, bleeding, organ failure or open wounds. If you don’t treat the infection right away, the bacteria can spread to the bloodstream and cause sepsis or septicemic plague. If the bacteria infect the lungs, it can lead to pneumonia or pneumonia. Without treatment, bubonic plague can kill up to 60 percent of the people who get it today, according to the World Health Organization.
As long as you don’t touch an animal that has the plague bacteria, your chances of getting it are incredibly slim. The plague is extremely rare, with only a few thousand cases annually, most of them in Africa, India, and Peru. Another reason the plague spreads so little is because the bacteria cannot survive in sunlight. Although person-to-person transmission of pneumonic plague can occur if someone coughs in the air, it is very rare. The antibiotics work best if you take them within 24 hours of the first symptoms. However, in severe cases, patients may need oxygen, intravenous fluids, and respiratory assistance.