A wooden terrace extends the living space to the outside and is particularly useful during the warm season when you want to enjoy the nice weather in your private area. Which wood for terrace is suitable and what advantages and disadvantages entails, we offer an overview.
Which wood is suitable for terrace and outdoor areas?
The types of wood differ from one another in terms of their growth, density and fiber length, which reflects their load-bearing capacity and other properties. On the other hand, the external influences on the material as a building material, such as the drying of the decking material, solar radiation, moisture and organisms reduce the service life and the appearance of the wood.
Which wood for the terrace – domestic and exotic types of wood
The terrace wood has special properties for resistance:
- Durability according to EN 350/2 – class 1 to 3, ensures durability even when exposed to different weather conditions
- Dimensional stability – ensures low swelling and swing behavior
- Fat content – the splinters and the slate depend on this – the higher the better, so that you can enjoy the terrace barefoot without any problems
- Slow drying during processing – up to 15% wood moisture
Which wood for terrace – Larch wood for a bright look
As the hardest coniferous wood, larch is particularly popular as terrace wood, and it is also relatively inexpensive. Thanks to its high density and hardness, it offers good strength and low swelling and swing behavior. The larch resins are water-repellent and therefore particularly resistant. The warm look and attractive grain make them extremely appreciated.
Which wood for the terrace – local Douglas fir
The Douglas fir is also a softwood and has properties similar to the larch. It is a very elastic and firm type of wood, which is characterized by its reddish-brown heartwood. Because of its decorative appearance, it is highly valued and used with pleasure. However, it needs regular maintenance as it darkens over time.
Pine wood for outdoor use as decking and for cladding facades
Pine is native softwood that, after deep impregnation, becomes resistant to all weather conditions and remains durable for a long time.
Local oak wood suitable for inside and outside
Oak is one of the most durable domestic types of wood and is extremely durable and long-lasting even without impregnation.
Which wood for the terrace – the so-called “thermal ash”
Native hardwoods such as ash are given a high durability through special treatment at high temperatures (170-230 degrees).
Permanent wood or indigenous wood deeply worked with wax
Domestic woods are referred to as permanent wood, which are permanently saturated with wax, have an attractive appearance and are extremely durable. The oiled surface is also particularly resistant to fungal attack and is non-slip.
Wooden tiles as an alternative to the decking
Tiles made of wood are an inexpensive alternative to decking. These can be laid by yourself and even during the winter, when the terrace is rarely or rarely used, simply removed and stored until the next spring. The wood used is robust and durable, but without treatment it will turn gray over time. Regular oiling will preserve the color
In addition to the traditionally popular hardwoods, exotic types of wood are becoming increasingly popular
The exotic tropical woods are very popular because of their attractive appearance – glossy surface and unmistakable color nuances. These are characterized by particularly hard wood, the processing of which absolutely requires in-depth specialist knowledge. For ecological reasons, you should properly inform yourself about the close origin of the wood material and the quality offered.
Which wood for terrace – Bamboo gives an exotic flair
The bamboo wood not only pleases with its exotic look, but also brings an ecological plus with it – bamboo is the fastest growing plant. The typical honey-yellow color is achieved by steaming with natural fabrics.
Which wood for the terrace – exotic, knot-free and very hard Massaranduba
Massaranduba is a very hard type of wood with few knots from the Caribbean, South America, with a typical, beautiful reddish, brown color. It is characterized by a large proportion of essential oils, which protect the wood from fungi and harmful organisms. Massaranduba has resistance class 1 and promises a life of up to 30 years.
Cumaru decking with yellow to red-brown color
Cumaru is an exotic type of wood that is extremely hard and durable. Smoothly processed, it features a glossy surface and an unmistakable yellow or red-brown color. Because of its attractive appearance and low swelling and swing behavior, this terrace wood is very popular.
what wood for terrace – Asian Bangkirai
Bangkirai is Asian tropical wood rich in essential oils that protect it from fungus and mold. It has an appealing light brown to reddish look and is therefore particularly valued. When purchasing, you should pay attention to the FSC seal, which ensures sustainable forestry.
Garapa and other tropical woods are very robust and have a smooth look
Garapa is a South American hardwood that is almost knot-free and is similar to the almond color. This type of wood looks extremely elegant and chic after treatment.
Which wood for terrace – pay attention to quality and origin when purchasing
When purchasing wooden planks, the unwritten rule applies: the better the quality, the higher the price, whereby the origin of the wood also plays a role.
Which wood for terrace – profile the wooden planks against the risk of slipping
A helpful tip: Decking boards can be processed with a profiled surface that allows moisture to run off better and at the same time makes the flooring non-slip.
WPC is more expensive than traditional wooden planks, but more durable and easier to care for
As an alternative to natural wood, there is the wood-polymer material, with the abbreviation WPC. It convinces with a look close to the wood, feels similar and has several advantages to offer:
- easy to care for – no sanding, oiling or sealing required after laying
- Resistant to solar radiation
Which wood for the terrace – splinter-free and with little swelling and swing behavior
Before purchasing and when choosing the timber, durability, resilience and an attractive appearance play an important role. On the other hand, the costs involved in laying depend on it and are decisive for the duration and quality of the outdoor flooring.
Which wood for the terrace for a cozy atmosphere in the outdoor area