Dry air during the heating season can cause a sore throat, cough, runny nose, a dry nose, irritated skin and eyes, and decreased immunity – especially in allergy sufferers and children. Animals and plants also feel the decrease in humidity and lose their hair more or begin to wither. A wet towel spread on the heater won’t solve the problem – a better idea is a modern one Device for increasing the humidity. Which humidifier should you buy? What should you pay attention to when choosing? We’ll explain everything to you in a moment!
What types of humidifiers are there?
Steam humidifier (evaporator principle)
A steam humidifier works on the principle of a water heater, which heats the water and releases the hot steam into the room air. The undeniable advantage of a vaporizer is its low price. In addition, thanks to the high temperature required to generate steam, you can be sure that it is practically germ-free. Many manufacturers offer the option of boiling water Scented oils add, which make the atmosphere at home more pleasant and can become part of aromatherapy. It is also worth mentioning that the steam humidifier no additional accessories and no replacement parts required, so you can use it for many years.
The downside of the device is its efficiency. A steam humidifier requires a lot of energy, which means more electricity in the household. The steam given off by the humidifier also increases the ambient temperature, and the operation of the device itself is not the quietest – you need to be prepared for the bubbling of boiling water from the humidifier. The operation of the device also requires extreme caution – You could accidentally burn yourself from steam and hot water.
Ultrasonic humidifier (ultrasonic atomizer)
This type of humidifier, also called a nebulizer, makes use of it Ultrasonic waves, to split water molecules to create a moisturizing mist. This technology is characterized by high efficiency and quiet operation. Unfortunately, it is not for everyone, as ultrasound is heard by pets and can cause irritation or anxiety in them. However, people who do not have pets will certainly use the ultrasonic humidifier for its low power consumption appreciate. Most models also have a hygrostat, which makes it possible to control the relative humidity in the room. Another advantage of the ultrasonic humidifier is the ability to turn the device on warm or cold fog exit to adjust. The cold fog lowers the room temperature in summer, while the warm fog in winter humidifies the room faster.
What are the disadvantages? It is necessary to change the descaling filter regularly and that Clean the device. The problem, which is seldom mentioned, is that humidifiers of this type can easily spread bacteria, viruses, or chemicals in the water. This device is also characterized by the release of stone dust contained in the water, which is deposited as a white coating on the furniture and has a harmful effect on the human respiratory tract. This is why it is so important to use the humidifier to be cleaned regularly (at least every 3 days) and pour in distilled water or reverse osmosis water. A disadvantage of an ultrasonic humidifier without a hygrostat is also the risk of a too intensive air humidification, which can lead to upper respiratory tract infections and mold in the home.
Evaporative humidifier (evaporation principle)
A third type of humidifier is used because of it high efficiency and maximum hygiene chosen. The evaporative humidifier consists of a water tank, a filter insert and a fan. The device sucks in the room air, directs it through the evaporation filter and releases it again as a light mist. Evaporation has turned out to be the most natural method of humidification enforced. It has little risk of excessive humidification of the air, cleans it of dust and dirt, and does not increase the ambient temperature. The advantages of the device also include the low power consumption.
Are evaporative humidifiers often more expensive than other models of this type of device. The need for frequent replacement of the evaporation filters and the audible operation of the devices can also be seen as a disadvantage of this type of device. Still, it seems that the best humidifier is the evaporative humidifier.
Which humidifier should it be – with or without an ionizer?
There are many myths about devices that improve air quality (humidifiers, air purifiers, or ionizers). So let’s try to shed some light on the darkness. Let’s start with the obvious: the air you breathe is full of dust, dirt, viruses, bacteria and allergens. Unfortunately, the humidifier does not improve the air quality – except in the evaporative version – and can even worsen it if used improperly. If you neglect to regularly clean the device, it will become a habitat for microorganisms and a reservoir for stone dust that enters our bodies.
So a humidifier can harm you? Yes, if it is used improperly, is seldom cleaned and operated with a dirty filter. But even if you take care of the humidifier and use an evaporative version, there can still be dangerous pollutants in the air. The ionizer can help here. It creates negative ions, called anions, that combine with the particles in the air and then, due to gravity, fall to the ground, from where they can no longer rise. The ionizer can therefore significantly improve your quality of life and partially protect you from diseases caused by bacteria, viruses and pollutants.
If you don’t want to buy two separate devices, you can choose a combo device – one Air humidifier with ionizer function. However, the effectiveness of such a solution is problematic as many manufacturers fail to provide precise details about the technology used to create the anions in a particular device.
Which humidifier should I choose for my child?
When choosing a humidifier for children, you need to consider two elements: Security and humidification intensity. For the first reason, you shouldn’t buy a steam humidifier as it is possible to get burned with steam and hot water. Children who accidentally or out of curiosity get too close to the device are particularly at risk. However, a steam humidifier can work well for babies.
The second aspect of buying a humidifier for the baby room has to do with the Degree of humidity to do. Air that is too dry causes discomfort, of course, but humidity that is too high is just as harmful as it encourages the development of mold, mites and fungi. These in turn lead to frequent respiratory infections in small children whose immune systems are not yet strong enough. Buying an ultrasonic humidifier is therefore not a good choice. Better to choose one Evaporative humidifier – it is a much more hygienic solution.
Be sure to choose a model that is equipped with a hygrostat, hygroscope, and various levels of intensity so that you can control the level of humidity. An ionizer function and a Night mode are also useful if you want to turn on the humidifier while the children are sleeping. If the humidifier is to be in the nursery, choose a device with an appealing design. There are now many devices with cute fairy tale characters or animal shapes.
Which humidifier is suitable for allergy sufferers?
For allergy sufferers, the main purpose of air quality improvement devices is this, to purify the air. Increasing the humidity can also be beneficial as it minimizes the drying out of the mucous membranes. However, when choosing a humidifier, put hygiene first and choose either one Steam humidifier or one Evaporator, the one with a filter is equipped – preferably HEPA or carbon filter. Keep in mind, however, that these filters will likely not catch all of the dirt particles as the humidifier is not a cleaner anyway.
The optimal solution is of course a humidifier with an air purifier, but the cost of this type of device is quite high. An alternative solution is to buy both devices separately or possibly a good one Humidifier with an ionizer to choose.
Is it worth buying an air purifier with a humidifier?
The filter built into the humidifier can actually remove germs and pollutants, but the question of air purification is no longer so obvious. Of course, it’s hard to deny that filters do their job and actually remove dust and allergens from indoor air, but the problem is the size of the humidifier. Because these devices are on the small side, they also have small filters that may not be sufficient for thorough air purification in a large apartment.
Plants can also help us purify and humidify the air, but we do not recommend using them as the sole source of improving air quality. For people who live in cities with high levels of air pollution, a Cleaner equipped with a humidifying function be the better solution.
Humidifier – what to look for when buying?
Humidifier efficiency – First and foremost, the evaporation capacity is important, i.e. the amount of steam generated in a given unit of time. It is usually given in liters per day or milliliters per hour. Second, there is the humidification area, i.e. the size of the room in which the humidifier is to be used. In this regard, you have a wide range of devices – there are both small models for rooms of 10 m² and those that can cover up to 300 m².
Humidifier performance – the amount of energy consumed when the device is in operation. The higher the power, the faster the air is humidified. On the other hand, the energy requirements for each type of humidifier are different. Steam humidifiers use the most electricity, ultrasound machines are more economical, and evaporative models use the least electricity.
Capacity of the water tank – the bigger the tank, the less often you need to refill it.
Noise pollution (expressed in decibels) – An important element that affects the comfort of using the humidifier. Devices with a volume below 30 dB are so quiet that you can hardly hear them.
Night mode – dry air makes it difficult to fall asleep, that’s why we want our humidifier to work at night too. Unfortunately, the noises made by the device often disrupt sleep. The night mode helps here, as it reduces the efficiency of the humidifier, but also makes it quieter.
Hygrostat – a humidity sensor that switches the humidifier on or off depending on the level of humidity in the room.
hygrometer is a device for measuring the relative humidity.
filter – thanks to it, the humidifier does not release bacteria and dust into the environment and improves the air quality in the home. There are humidifiers with three types of filters on the market: the carbon filter helps to eliminate unpleasant odors, the ceramic filter cleans the water in the tank, and the HEPA filter (High Efficiency Particulate Air) filters allergens and dust particles from the air.
Different modes of operation – So that you can adapt the operation of the device to the degree of humidity.
Ionization function – helps fight air pollution.
Buying a humidifier is a necessity for people who are sensitive to dry indoor air, which can be quite annoying during the heating season. An increase in humidity has a positive effect on your well-being, solves the problem of permanently dry skin and mucous membranes and reduces the persistent symptoms of asthmatics or allergy sufferers. A humidifier will also benefit your potted plants, which will reward you with green leaves and fantastic flowers thanks to optimal humidity.