House & garden

Tips for repotting the houseplants – everything you need to know

planting flowers repotting indoor plants transplanting tips

In today’s article we want to give you some useful tips again, this time about that Repotting the houseplants. Many housewives at a certain moment are faced with the question: how to properly transplant indoor plants, choose the required substrate and the appropriate pot? We want to find the answer to these questions here together.

Repotting the houseplants – answering questions

tips repotting indoor plants gardening care

Most houseplants are transplanted in spring. Depending on the type of plant, this can be done annually or once every few years. This procedure always contributes to healthy and good-looking plants, so it is especially important. Why is transplanting so necessary? Because sooner or later the potting soil will be exhausted and must be replaced with new one. It also improves their ventilation. That Repotting the houseplants is extremely necessary in cases where the potting soil has already become acidic, there are decayed roots or the roots are already growing out through the drainage holes of the flower pot.

Repotting the houseplants – when is the best time to transplant?

efeutute pot blue shelf wallpaper stone pattern house

This happens when the houseplants come out of a dormant state and begin to grow. If a plant blooms in spring, you should wait until the flowering period ends. If you act too early, you risk damaging the young shoots.

Azaleas and Camellias should be transplanted in early summer, while the bulbous plants should be transplanted after their dormant period.

the Cacti usually grow very slowly, but if they need to be replanted it is a good thing that you do so at the beginning of winter.

Young plants are transplanted annually, and older ones – once every few years. the Palm trees can stay in their large vessels for up to 10 years.

Types of transplant

There are several different types of transplantation, depending on how much potting soil is replaced:

Complete transplanting – The whole potting soil is renewed and the roots are cleaned of the old earth;

Incomplete transplanting – where some of the old potting soil remains around the roots of the plants;

Replacement of the surface layer only

Transferring the plant from one pot to another is similar to a transplant. You can only switch to this procedure when the old pot is already too small and the roots are already coming out. In principle, the transfer can be carried out at any time of the year. The transplant may suspend plant growth for some time, while the transfer does not.

How to choose the right pot?

tips repotting the houseplants shape the pot types

Choose the pot size first. The new pots should be 3-5 cm larger than the old ones in diameter. There are three types of plant containers: planters, pots and containers. Note the differences between the different containers so that you don’t get confused when shopping.

The flower container usually has a sustainable bottom. A few planted pots or several plants are placed there. The containers are usually made of clay or plastic. Both have their advantages and disadvantages. The advantages of ceramic containers are that they are in principle heavier than any other. The clay has a pore structure and the excess moisture evaporates there more easily.

The main disadvantage of clay pots is that they break easily. Porous structure reduces its durability. When the pores become clogged with mineral salts, cleaning is often impossible. The bottom in such containers dries quickly, but this can be avoided if it is covered with glaze (varnish). They are also more expensive than the plastic containers.

The advantages of plastic containers are that they are lighter and rarely break. Also, they are better at retaining moisture, so plants are always well watered that way. There is currently a wide variety of shapes and colors on offer on the market. Oh, and one more thing, these flower containers are also easier to clean.

Of course, the plastic containers also have their disadvantages. For example, overwatering the roots is one of them, the potting soil becomes too acidic and the roots rot quickly in the summer heat.

Sometimes the plants are placed in wooden containers. These are heated more slowly by the hot sun and then also cool down more slowly, but the moisture can damage the wood. With proper care, your indoor plants will feel great in all types of flower containers.

Choosing the potting soil

tips for repotting indoor plants select potting soil

Most plants like the special soil mixes that are sold in the flower shops. The range is very wide and it is not difficult to choose the right potting soil for your flowers. Buy only from certified manufacturers.

It is better to open the package before use so that the nitrogen that has accumulated in it is dissolved. Otherwise it could damage the plant roots.

Using ordinary garden soil for your houseplants is undesirable because it is unsuitable for such uses and can often be infested with pests or pathogens at room temperature.

Rules for replanting indoor plants

First, prepare the flower pot. Wash it, especially if it has been used before. Clay pots can be soaked in water overnight to help remove the limestone that has built up on their walls.

Select a larger pot for repotting the houseplants

Place small pieces of ceramic, broken bricks, small stones on the underside of the flower pot. This improves drainage.

tips transplanting indoor plants clay pot potting soil

Before transplanting, water the houseplant with water, gently tilt the pot to one side and remove the plant along with the potting soil by holding the houseplant with one hand. With the other hand, carefully pull the pot. To make it easier, you can lightly tap the hard surface of the flower pot. For some plants, it is even better to break the old pot so that the roots are not damaged when they are separated.

tips repotting indoor plants roots cleaning potting soil

Your next step now is to carefully clean the roots of the old potting soil, being careful not to damage them. Rotten roots must be removed. However, if it does and you injure the roots, sprinkle a bit of crushed charcoal on top of it. That can definitely help.

Place the plant in the new container so that the root neck is slightly below the edge. Add new, moistened substrate.

tips Repotting the houseplants in pots and containers

Also, seal the soil around the roots, gradually adding more mass until the level reaches the base of the trunk.

Now water the plant. Note that some drought-loving plants do not need watering after transplanting, so you only need to use a moist substrate.

Transferring the plants from one container to another is much easier because the old earth is preserved and its integrity is not violated.

Repotting indoor plants small ferns clay pot

Sometimes transplanting is not desirable at all, especially with larger houseplants. Then you only have to renew the surface layer of the potting soil up to a depth of 5 cm. The old earth is carefully removed, new earth added and lightly compacted.

What are the most common mistakes when repotting indoor plants

Lots of people make some mistakes when doing this Repotting the houseplants. For example, one often thinks that larger containers are always better than small ones. No, that is not correct. You don’t need any larger flower containers than what is needed for your plants. This leads to leaching of the potting soil, root rot or growth retardation, and can even lead to poor flowering and death of the plant.

Other people believe any potting soil will do well provided it is properly fertilized. Of course that’s not true. Every plant needs a well-defined composition of the soil substrate.

For some plants, the narrow vessels are better. For example, the narrow pot is good for Hippeastrum vittatum, it inhibits the formation of daughter tubers and stimulates flowering. Epiphytic orchids also like it when their roots are in a tight pot.

Do not trim the plants while transplanting! It will be too much for them all at once.

If you follow these simple rules for transplanting your houseplants, you will be able to enjoy healthy, strong, and incredibly beautiful flowers at home for a long time to come!

tips Repotting the houseplants with roots

tips repotting indoor plants clean roots

Repot the houseplants in a pot big enough