House & garden

Planting carnations in the garden – 8 types for a flower paradise

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The pretty carnations are a popular type of flower for the garden. The flower comes from the Mediterranean region and Europe, where its Latin name Dianthus means something like Zeus flower or flower of God and is composed of the Greek words dios (Zeus) and anthos (flower, blossom). The delicate flowers come in a wide variety of colors and are extremely pretty. There are 320 to 600 different types, of which we would like to present only a small part to you today. This will make it easier for you to choose the perfect species, if you are Planting carnations in the garden want.

Planting carnations in the garden – making bouquets of flowers


Carnations are not only beautiful to look at in the garden. They are also very popular as a bouquet. Thus, when you plant carnations in the garden, you will not only get a dreamlike decoration there that impresses with beautiful and delicate colors. You can also make the interior more romantic with the carnations.

Planting carnations in the garden – the spring carnation


The spring carnation (Dianthus plumarius) is a perennial plant that comes from the Mediterranean region, but is still hardy and is therefore wonderfully suitable for planting in the garden. It has dark green leaves that are elongated and show off the flowers particularly well. The most common colors of the feather carnation are purple and pale pink. There is also a white variant in which the flowers are separated from each other in such a way that they give the impression of eyelashes. However, this rarely occurs. For this reason, it would also be a great eye-catcher after you plant these carnations in the garden. The stems divide into vegetative and generative.



If you plant these carnations in the garden, you can expect a height of about 30 cm. Propagation takes place in different ways. On the one hand, seeds are suitable for this purpose. If the cloves have become too abundant for you, you can simply dig them up and divide the roots with the corresponding stems. After that, you can easily plant the carnations again in the garden. It is best to choose spring or autumn for this process.



Blossoms can be expected in May and June. If you are planting the carnations in the garden, choose a sunny spot because they love the sun. The soil should be well drained, with moderate watering. If you forget to water it, you don’t have to worry. The feather carnations can also cope with dry periods.

The heather carnation “Leuchtfunk”


The heather carnation (Dianthus deltoides) is very similar to the spring carnation in its flower shape. However, they have a different leaf shape, which is characterized by a smaller size and rounded tips. The generative stems of this carnation species are longer than the vegetative ones. They rarely have leaves, which then have a pointed shape, and divide in the upper area.

Carnations as ground cover


In addition, it is also a perennial plant. The dense growth of the heather carnations with a height of 15 to 20 cm make the species perfect as a ground cover. So if you plant these carnations in the garden, you will get colorful and natural rugs.

Flowering and propagation


Planting carnations in the garden – The flowers of the heather carnation are either white or more often red and are pleasing to the eye, like the spring carnation in May and June. Seeds are again suitable for propagation, but also division, which is best done after the flowering period.

Design the garden


These, but also all other species, can be wonderfully combined with each other when you plant carnations in the garden. A mix of different colors is also very appealing and transforms your garden into a true dream of flowers.

Planting carnations in the garden – the Pentecost carnation


The shape of the perennial Whitsun carnation (Dianthus gratianopolitanus) is extremely compact, so that it is wonderfully suitable as a single plant or in small groups for planting small gardens and beds. The tuft-like carnation is only about 15 to 20 cm high. In addition, planting these carnations in the garden is a wonderful way to fill in any vacancies.

The flowers of the Pentecost carnation


The Whitsun Carnation offers you an extremely rich selection of flower ferns. There are different shades of pink, cyclamen and red. The flower itself becomes relatively large with a diameter of about 3 cm. The petals can also have a different shape within this species. When planting these carnations in the garden, choose either rounded, wavy versions or those with a tattered look.

Chinese carnation


The Chinese carnation (Dianhus chinensis) is a plant that, like all the species mentioned so far, loves and needs a lot of light. Carnation copes well with dry periods. The plants do not grow quite bushy and lush, but have wonderful flowers in interesting shapes and colors. With a height of 20 cm, this species is also quite compact, so you don’t have to plan a lot of space when planting these carnations in the garden.

Planting mustard


You get a biennial plant with the attractive barnacle (Dianthus barbatus). Despite its pretty bloom, it is rarely chosen. The reason for this is that it does not bloom until a year after it has been planted. However, if you have decided that you want to plant these types of carnations in your garden, it is best to do so in summer. In winter, the mustache has the appearance of a rosette.

Carnation for the garden


The land carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus) is also called noble carnation. It is one of the most widespread species for the garden and comes from the warm Mediterranean region. In order to adapt these species to our regions, new forms were bred, which are characterized depending on whether they are winter hardy and how often they bloom. If you would like to plant these carnations in the garden, we have put together some information for you.

The seed


There are perennial variants that bloom once a year, starting in the second year. These are hardy, making them a handy way to go when you want to plant carnations in the garden. The seeds are best sown in a greenhouse in May or June. They can then be planted in the garden in October. The carnations begin to bloom in June or July of the following year.

Carnations for a dream garden


It is important that you plant the biennial, summer-blooming carnations in the garden exactly one year before the first flowering. If you want to flower earlier and not wait until summer, plant it in August. You will then be delighted with a bloom in March. The “grenadine” carnations are particularly popular with the carnation, as they offer an impressive range of colors in yellow and pale pink and also exude a pleasant fragrance. That makes them perfect for greening a seating area in the garden. Since the non-winter hardy carnations die out in the cold season, they are cultivated as an annual plant and sown with seeds.

Carnations for the greenhouse

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The Dianthus caryophyllus semperflorens Sim is a carnation variety that is half-hardy. It is grown in the greenhouse, which guarantees a constant flowering time. Their stems and leaves are gray-green in color. The size and color of the flowers, as well as how bushy the flowers are, can vary. These carnation varieties are so resilient that they can flower even at a temperature of just 8 degrees. So if you don’t just want to plant carnations in the garden, but also have a greenhouse available and want to make it look pretty, these carnations are a great idea.

Planting carnations in the garden – propagation of the greenhouse variety

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In the greenhouse you can guarantee the high humidity that the cloves need. The soil must also always be kept moist. Propagation by cuttings takes place without problems and is best between January and April. The cuttings can also be stored in the refrigerator for longer periods of time. This has absolutely no influence on the plant’s ability to reproduce.

Annual carnations as cut flowers

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The carnation from the Dianthuscaryophyllus semperflorens Polyantha group is an equally constant flowering variety. This group also includes the popular and cute mini carnations that are definitely worth considering if you are planning to plant carnations in the garden. The “spray” type, on the other hand, impresses with its interesting flowers. There are several flowers on one stem and form a great bloom. Both this group and the group mentioned above for the greenhouse are cultivated as annual plants and mainly to obtain cut plants. An interesting tip that will make it easier to cut the flowers is the following: Stretch a net over the plant at the beginning. The stems grow through the mesh and stand upright.

Planting carnations in the garden


No matter what type of carnation you choose, caring for it is a real pleasure because it is easy and you will be rewarded with a veritable splendor of flowers. As already mentioned, there are a wide variety of colors and heights, so you are guaranteed to find the right variety for yourself. In addition, more and more new species are being bred. So if you are looking to plant carnations in the garden, you have made a really great decision.