Fresh fruit and vegetables from your own garden – this is the dream of many hobby gardeners and those who want to become one. If you want to harvest vegetables and fruit in your own garden, you have to pay attention to a few things. The soil quality is crucial, the location of the garden plays a role and the planting list needs to be carefully planned. The following article deals with planning a small self-sufficient garden.
Creating a garden – good planning is essential
Before the self-sufficient garden is created, the future gardener must think about what they actually expect from the garden. Questions that should be asked at this point are:
– How much space is available?
– How much time and work can be invested in the creation of the garden and its maintenance?
– What should be grown?
– How many people should live from the garden products?
– Does the garden provide complete self-sufficiency or should the menu only be supplemented with fresh food from the own cultivation?
Newbies shouldn’t undertake too much and should limit themselves to a certain selection of plants for the time being. If this goes to your satisfaction, the planting can gradually be expanded.
Creating a garden – the soil makes the difference
The quality of the soil is essential for the plants grown to grow and thrive: the soil should not be too loamy or too sandy. A high proportion of sand in the ground means that the water seeps away too quickly. In addition, this soil is poor in nutrients. In such a case, adding compost can improve the quality of the soil. Either way, it is advisable to create a compost heap in the self-sufficient garden. A rain barrel should also not be missing so that the plants can be supplied with water every day. If you want, you can also dig a well.
If you want to be on the safe side, you can have a soil sample analyzed. This makes it clear what the soil needs and the necessary steps can be taken. The article “Plant nutrition” goes into more detail on the important nutrients that should be contained in the soil. The work that goes into improving soil quality should not be underestimated.
The location of the garden is of great importance
In addition to the nature of the soil, the location of the garden is particularly important for the harvest yield. If the garden is oriented to the north or if trees or surrounding buildings shade the garden, the harvest will be less. In a south-facing garden, the plants grow much better due to the sunlight. But here, depending on the plant, it must be decided where the optimal location is. Some plants prefer direct sunlight, while others prefer partial shade or cannot tolerate direct sunlight at all.
Fresh vegetables from your own bed
If you want to create vegetable patches, you should also plan this in detail beforehand. The plants should be divided into different categories for this. Plants that need a lot of sun are placed in a sunny spot, and shade-loving species are planted in a shady section of the bed. Plants that are sensitive to wind are more protected and plants at risk of late frost need certain protective measures, such as growing in a greenhouse.
Questions that are essential at this point:
– When is the last time it freezes in spring and when is the first time in autumn?
– Which temperatures can be expected during the day and which at night, depending on the seasons?
– How much precipitation falls on average per year?
– Are there likely to be longer dry periods?
Once these questions have been answered, the planting list should be checked for feasibility. Not all plants will suit the realities of the garden. However, this offers the opportunity to try out new varieties of plants. on Gutefrage.net There are suggestions from various users as to which vegetable plants thrive particularly well in German gardens. Many hobby gardeners also swear by the help of a lunar calendar.
Fruit trees provide shade and attract with a rich harvest
Fruit trees need a while until they are big enough to yield a rich harvest, but it is still worth planting one or the other fruit tree, because after a few years at the latest, the yield is enormous with good care.
The right season to plant fruit trees is autumn. This gives the small plants enough time to form roots and store water before the ground freezes.
A straight trunk and strong roots are features that should be taken into account when buying a tree. In addition, a pronounced central shoot in the crown and several side shoots distributed around the trunk are a good sign of the tree’s health.
The tree should find its way into the ground quickly after purchase, otherwise there is a risk of drying out.
A tree like this may seem small at first, but it takes up a lot of space when it grows. At some point its crown can be ten meters in diameter. For smaller gardens, special types of trees that only reach a certain size can be a solution.