Gardening

Vegetables for partial shade: These useful plants grow in the shady garden

Planting vegetables for partial shade in wood raised beds

Tomatoes, cucumbers and radishes like it sunny. Bell peppers, basil and oregano cannot thrive in the shade either. But there are also crops that don’t necessarily have to be in the sun all day long. If your own garden or balcony is north-facing, then above all patience is required. But the effort is definitely worth it, because with a little prior knowledge nothing stands in the way of a vegetable garden. We come to the aid of the hobby gardener and offer a list of suitable plant species. In the article, we will also tell you what you have to pay attention to and how you can master the challenge with a lot of creativity.

Vegetables for partial shade – how many hours of sun a day do the crops need?

Vegetables for partial shade location which crops

Vegetables and sunny locations go hand in hand for most gardeners. And indeed – sensitive crops like tomatoes or cucumbers really cannot thrive in shade, wind and cold and grow fastest in sunny locations. Anyone who simply does not have such a suitable location – be it because it has already been planted or because a house / tree casts shadow on the property – does not have to give up and do not have to completely do without a herb or vegetable garden. A well thought-out plant selection and a little patience help here.

The rule of thumb in this case is: if you are growing the plant for its roots or fruits, then you should choose a sunny location. This means that the bed should be in the sun for over 6 hours a day. In any case, if you use the leaves, the stems or the buds, then a location in partial shade (i.e. from 3 to 6 hours of sun a day) is perfectly fine. No crop will survive in the dense shade of a deciduous tree (less than 3 hours of direct sunlight a day).

Vegetables for partial shade – arugula grows quickly

Vegetables for partial shade growing arugula ideas

The rocket is an undemanding plant that spreads quickly in the garden and grows even in partial shade. But opinions are divided here – what some describe as a delicious crop is completely tasteless for others.

Vegetables for partially shaded locations – beans

Vegetables for partial shade bean planting location

Similar to peas, bean plants are a real gift for the hobby gardener: they grow quickly and are pretty undemanding when it comes to the sun. All types of runner beans are particularly recommended. All you need is a climbing aid that you can use to wind yourself up. The runner beans are ready for harvest at the earliest three months after sowing in May. So the pods are usually picked in mid to late August.

Vegetables for partial shade – beetroot

Planting vegetables for partial shade beetroot

The beetroot is easy to cultivate and, surprisingly, thrives without any problems in partial shade. Together with French beans, it can be planted in a mixed culture. The plant loves loosened, well-drained and fertilized soil that has to be kept wet. Regular watering ensures that the beets are ready for harvest faster.

Broccoli grow easily in partial shade

vegetable half shade broccoli care tips

Broccoli are one of those plants that can line the sunny beds. The head vegetables are used to partially shaded locations and, with proper care, can be harvested twice in summer – a great advantage, as the delicate florets can withstand a maximum of 3-4 days, even if kept in the refrigerator. The wet, nutrient-rich and calcareous soil plays an important role in early harvest maturity. Even after sowing, the cabbage is thoroughly watered. After three weeks you can add fertilizer.

The Brussels sprouts are not harvested until autumn

vegetable half shade brussel sprouts care

Somehow, when it comes to veggies for partial shade, the Brussels sprouts are always forgotten. But it is actually the most suitable candidate – the plant is planted in May, reaches its maximum height in mid-July and is harvested from October. Brussels cabbage easily defies frost, rain and snow.

The cauliflower as a potted plant for the north-facing balcony

Grow vegetables semi-shade cauliflower

Cauliflower and broccoli are usually planted in a raised bed or pot – the two crops belong to the same genus and have similar requirements in terms of care. Even more so – cauliflower can even handle the autumn cold quite well, and is therefore a nice addition to the vegetable patch in midsummer.

Vegetables for partial shade: different types of lettuce provide variety in the summer menu

vegetables half shade salads plant healthy

Whether cress, ornamental cabbage, endive or maybe lettuce – the large selection of lettuce types ensures that every hobby gardener will find something that suits their own taste. The individual species are also ideally suited as potted plants and can be planted together. A sandy soil that is regularly watered is the best prerequisite for its faster maturity. In the specialized trade, seedlings are mostly sold, which are allowed on the balcony in spring. First they are placed in a sheltered location, after a week they can withstand cold and drafts to a limited extent. In the summer months, the individual plants are then gradually harvested and replaced with new ones.

Peas in the shade garden

planting vegetables half-shade peas

Peas make their own demands on the soil – they cannot tolerate waterlogging and, unlike the other vegetables mentioned above, love a soil rich in humus. Mixed cultures are also out of the question for them – especially with beans. They are better suited for this as a preculture in the bed, as they are ready for harvest earlier than the other plants. In the raised bed, for example, broccoli can be planted after the peas. Some varieties need climbing support for support. The effort is definitely worth it, as the plants save space in this way.

Vegetables for partial shade – spinach

Vegetables for partial shade spinach care tips

Spinach thrives surprisingly well in partially shaded locations – the plant only needs a few hours of sunlight a day and loves the cooler spring and autumn weather. In this case, however, it is better to do without fertilizer completely so that nitrates do not form in its leaves. Otherwise the plant is undemanding and is considered to be easy to care for. There is no place for it in a mixed culture in summer, but can simply be planted before and after in the same bed. Spinach is a popular ingredient not only in numerous salads, but also in pot dishes.