Gardening

Tips for planting raised beds – which plants go well together?

Raised bed planting vegetables-garden-wood

The topic of raised beds is extremely exciting for many garden and balcony owners. There are a number of tips and tricks for building raised beds from a wide variety of materials. Whether made of stone, with the help of a wicker fence or masonry, the variety of possibilities is almost inexhaustible. A simple and uncomplicated variant is the construction of one Douglas fir raised bed This wood is weather-resistant and only warps slightly, even when it rains a lot, alternating with strong sunlight. Cut directly in the hardware store, the simple raised bed can be assembled at home in a short time and placed in the intended place. Once the raised bed has been built and the layers have been laid out, you can finally plant the raised bed.

Planting a raised bed – tips for choosing the right place

Plant raised bed with vegetables, lettuce and chives

Anyone who has the option of placing the raised bed in a sunny to partially shaded location should do so. Because this opens up a variety of possibilities for planting the raised bed. There are countless vegetables that prefer sun or partial shade. There are also herbs, spring and summer flowers in abundance. Anyone who decides on a shady location or has no other choice will still enjoy a raised bed. Of course, it can also be a location in full sun, then the subject of watering plays an even bigger role than it already does.

Plant raised beds – plant communities for sunny to partially shaded locations

Plant raised bed vegetable-pumpkin-straw-mulch

Vegetables generally need a lot of sun. The less sun is available, the more limited the choice of species. Mixed cultures are perfect for raised beds. To put it simply: mixed cultures are plant communities that do each other good. Detailed information on mixed culture can be found in the article “Pea loves radishes” to read.

The right mixture makes it and if compatible plants are together in the raised bed, the pest infestation is limited. The basic rule is that many different cultures should grow together in a small space. Monocultures, on the other hand, are susceptible to pests. Therefore, consumers should avoid, for example, completely equipping the raised bed with cabbage varieties.

This mixed culture is suitable for raised beds in sunny to partially shaded locations:

• Dill

• onions

• cucumbers

• Salad

• Carrots

• Tomatoes

• Chives

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Plant edible flowers in the herb and vegetable raised bed

Raised bed plant cabbage-pansy-scent-against-pests

The plants should be planted alternately in rows. The different scents that the plants emit confuse pests that can no longer orient themselves. The result is that they fail to appear. A useful addition are other herbs and flowers that not only enhance the look of the raised bed. They are also important to bees and butterflies as well as ladybugs & Co. to attract. Consumers support biological diversity with a raised bed in mixed culture. Edible flowers are best in the herb and vegetable raised bed. Are to be recommended

• nasturtiums

• pansies

• Forget Me Not

The flowers from Kapuzinerkasse taste hot, pansies taste spicy and forget-me-nots taste sweet. Flowers add that certain something to a self-harvested salad and give the healthy snack an extra portion of individuality.

Plant raised bed – plant communities for a shady location

raised bed-wood-black-gravel-layer-vegetables-herbs

Raised beds in a shady location do not necessarily have to do without vegetables. There is a special selection of salads, vegetables, herbs and flowering plants, which also ensure a profitable harvest here. These plants are suitable for shady locations:

• Leaf salads

• Types of cabbage

• Spinach

• Kohlrabi

• Peas

• garden cress

• Oregano

• Wild garlic

• Garlic

As a blooming companion in shady raised beds are next to the herbs

• Ruprecht’s herb

• Larkspur

• Commemorate

recommendable. Ruprecht’s cabbage in particular is a true shadow artist. The specialist for dark locations develops very delicate leaves and subtle, pink flowers. It blooms from May to October and can handle 0.25% of the normal daylight dose. He suffers when his roots are damaged, so he is best looked after in the corners and at the edge of the raised bed.

Lots of helpful information and Growing tables for vegetables, Herbs and salads can be found on the aid info service nutrition, agriculture, consumer protection e. V. to find.

Planting a raised bed – if the soil is right, the plants will thrive

Raised bed-planting-wood-fleece-floor-filling-layers

For vegetables, herbs and flowering plants to flourish, it is not enough to give them the right location and combine the best possible community plants. The soil has to be right for the growth to be abundant. The raised bed is a special setting for plants and should be set up correctly.

1. A wire mesh should be placed on the floor of the raised bed, not too dense and not too wide-meshed. Mice and other animals should not be able to get through the earth into the raised bed.

2. The layer on the wire mesh consists of potsherds and pebbles and works like drainage.

3. A layer of earth is to be placed on top of this drainage.

4. The next layer consists of branches. This can be, for example, hedge pruning or tree pruning. Branches, twigs, shrub waste and pieces of roots are ideal.

5. This layer is also filled with earth.

6. On top of that there is an alternate shrub layer, which consists of finely chopped branches. This in turn is covered with earth.

7. In the penultimate layer, users can apply green cuttings and leaves that are mixed again with soil and covered.

8. Finally, at the very top, the soil is laid, which is planted with vegetables, flowers and herbs. This can be a mixture of garden and potting soil, and the addition of compost is also useful. The last layer should be at least 10-15 cm.

So well prepared, the cultivation should succeed well.

Water regularly and bring in rich harvests

raised bed-planting-tips-care-watering-watering can

The sunnier the location, the more often the beds need to be watered. Vegetables use a lot of water and those who plant lettuce should reach for the watering can at least twice a day. The soil should be dripping wet and the plants must have enough time to dry off before the sun comes out. Because if there is water on the leaves and the sun hits them, it can cause burn marks. In order to avoid this problem, the purchase of a drip irrigation system should be reconsidered. With drip irrigation, fine hoses lie on the bed surface. These hoses are provided with small holes. When consumers turn on the tap, the water trickles onto the beds with little pressure. The plant parts are not sprayed wet, the risk of “sunburn” is averted.

For those who cannot or do not want to install drip irrigation, the practical tip is helpful: incorporate a watering edge when planting the rows. Use a watering can without an attachment for watering in the morning and pour the water into the watering edge. In the evening you can then pour with an attachment. The parts of the plant dry out at night and in the early morning to such an extent that the sun cannot harm them.

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Image 1: pixabay © condesign (CCO Public Domain)

Image 7: pixabay © MIH83 (CCO Public Domain)