Rhododendrons and azaleas – tips for proper care

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Rhododendrons and azaleas require certain conditions in their cultivation and require special care to ensure their successful development.

Rhododendrons and azaleas  – Planting and transplanting

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When planting Rhododendrons and azaleas you need to consider the following: the location where you want to place your flowers must be well protected from the wind and the afternoon sun. If you want to plant them around the building, it is best to choose the east or north facade of the house. In open areas, less windy places are well suited for their planting and places that are shaded by trees or buildings in the afternoon.

With proper care, azaleas and rhododendrons can be successfully transplanted all year round, provided they are well protected from drought or frost. But the ideal time for transplanting is in late autumn or early spring, when the temperatures are low and the soil moisture is plentiful. Plant the Rhododendrons and azaleas at the same depth at which they were in the pot.

Many of the plants in the nurseries and garden centers grow in mixed potting soil that contains large amounts of peat, which are definitely missing from the structure of your garden soil. For the correct development of the ornamental plants, we recommend that you improve your soil with peat, especially around the roots of the plants.

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The soil should be well drained (must not hold water) and be rich in organic matter. If the soil is heavy clay, then it is necessary to install a small drainage system under it to remove excess water. The addition of leaves, peat, moss or other organic matter can enrich the soil and contribute to the better development of rhododendrons and azaleas. When transplanting, you are digging a hole two times larger than the hole in the pot. Then mix the excavated soil with some of the organic substances mentioned above. Use this prepared mixture when transplanting, only part of it at the bottom of the hole at first. Put the plant in, then take the rest of the mixture and seal properly. Only then do you water the flower that has just been transplanted.

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Avoid using alkaline fertilizers. the Rhododendrons and Azaleas like acidic soil.

Azalea flowers

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Rhododendrons and Azaleas have a shallow, fibrous root system, these ornamental plants often have to be watered on hot summer days. But please don’t forget, although they do need a lot of moisture, they won’t do well in very damp and poorly ventilated soils.

need a lot of moisture

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Cut back

Remove the dried twigs and leaves. If you want to design and shape, you should do it immediately after the flowering period, so you are guaranteed to have lots of beautiful flowers in the coming year. You can also cut away these flowers after they have faded.

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Rhododendrons and Azaleas are grown by cuttings. The cuttings develop roots within 6 to 8 weeks. Azalea cuttings can be set at any time, but the best results are seen with the cuttings, planted in June and July, and for the rhododendrons – in August and September. The cuttings are from 7 to 10 cm in size, the lower leaves need to be removed and then planted in a mixture of peat and sand. After the roots have formed, the young plants can be transplanted into pots so that they can be placed in a shady place and kept moist.

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