In the warm season we like to hang out on the terrace. So that it really becomes an oasis of well-being, the stylish design and the successful selection of plants play a decisive role. We will give you several ideas on how you can plant your terrace and thus integrate the seating area into the garden.
Planting the terrace: ideas for design and privacy protection
A well thought-out design can make the garden a popular retreat. The whole family likes to hang out on the terrace. There they grill and eat together, and friends and relatives are received. And the cozy lounge group is great for relaxing. So it is worth investing a weekend and planting the area around the terrace. In the following, we will explain step by step the fastest way to do this.
1. Draw a garden sketch, mark the terrace orientation on it and try to calculate the number of hours of sunshine daily in spring and summer. The best way to do this is to position a cell phone across from the terrace on a sunny day and take a photo every 30 minutes. This is the quickest way to find out where the shadow areas are. Based on the garden sketch, the terrace orientation and the hours of sunshine, you can decide on a suitable garden style.
2. Depending on whether you have a large or small garden, you can decide on the right number of plants and flower beds. Use a garden hose to mark the edge of the flower bed around the patio and get a better idea.
3. Prepare the ground. If there is a lawn there, you can use a tiller to remove the grass. The device can be borrowed from most hardware stores and garden centers. Then you can loosen and fertilize the soil with a spade.
4. Then you can plant the individual plants in the flowerbed. Leave a minimum of 30 cm between plants. Finally, the new plants are watered.
When to start planting the terrace?
The correct planting time depends on the flowers, ground cover and perennials. The right time is usually after the ice saints, when there is no longer any permafrost or sub-zero temperatures at night.
Plant a raised terrace
A raised terrace is optically separated from the garden and therefore often looks uncomfortable. The right planting can create a seamless transition between terrace and garden and provide the right privacy screen for this area.
The planting plan and the plants at a glance
If you want to plant all around your raised terrace, then the next planting plan comes in handy. The plants look beautiful all year round. The rock pear forms bright white flowers in spring, bears delicious edible fruits in summer and in autumn its leaves turn orange and red. The black birch offers sun and privacy protection and its beautiful white bark is particularly effective in the winter months. The correct planting time is in spring. The following tips will help you extend the flowering period:
- Remove the yellow leaves of the iris.
- Cut off the withered iris flowers in spring.
- In winter, cover the ground around the black birch with mulch.
The plants at a glance:
A. Black birch
The black birch has an impressive multi-stemmed habit. The tree reaches a maximum height of 20 meters and is up to 15 meters wide. It does best in sunny locations and loves loamy soil with a neutral pH.
B. Lily grape
The lily grape is a popular ground cover that forms small flowers in late summer.
C. Bush chestnut
The bush chestnut grows up to 25 cm high and thrives best in shady and shady locations. Therefore, it is perfect for shady areas.
The iris makes beautiful white flowers in spring. If you cut it off after it has wilted, it can bloom again in early fall.
E. Red sun hat
The red coneflower does best in full sun. Its large purple flowers add a splash of color to the garden from July to October. The flower becomes about 1 meter high.
F. Petite Deutzie
The graceful Deutzia (still called Mayflower) forms large buds with bright white flowers in spring. In autumn, the plant attracts attention with its decorative foliage. The Deutzia thrives best in sunny and shady locations.
The splendid notch is about 70 cm high and attracts attention with its magenta blossoms. The plant blooms all summer.
The holly is an evergreen shrub that thrives in both the glorious summer sun and partial shade.
I. Rock pear
The rock pear forms snow-white flowers in spring. Their fruits are edible. The tree feels particularly comfortable in partial shade and in shady locations.
J. Lily Funkie
The lily funkie is particularly popular for its white flowers and beautiful leaves. The plant is perfect for locations in partial shade and shade.
Framing the terrace with plants: Create a kitchen garden with vegetables
If you want to frame your patio with plants, then you certainly don’t think about a kitchen garden. It’s a shame, because vegetables and fruit trees can be very decorative. The next planting plan dispenses with ornamental plants and instead puts the useful plants in the limelight.
A planting plan for the kitchen garden with vegetables and fruit trees
But why is it a great idea to plant crops around the patio? Vegetables and fruit not only taste delicious, they also give the garden a natural touch. The next planting plan is designed so that the kitchen garden looks as natural as possible:
- The blueberries give the flowerbed more structure.
- The thyme can fill in gaps in shady locations (such as under a tree).
- Leafy vegetables such as cabbage and Swiss chard can successfully replace other ground covers.
- The pear tree of the “pine” variety not only bears delicious fruit, but is also considered a lucky charm in Eastern cultures.
The plants at a glance:
A. Blueberries: 4 plants
The blueberry is a shrub that produces edible blueberries in summer. Its foliage turns orange-red in autumn. The shrub grows up to 6 meters high and is also suitable as a privacy screen.
B. Ornamental cabbage of the “Lacinato” variety: 8 plants
The ornamental cabbage thrives best in full sun, but can also be planted in shady places. The plant grows up to 1 meter high and wide.
C. Pear tree “Kieffer”: 1 tree
The pear tree “Kieffer” bears its yellow fruits in autumn. It reaches a height of up to 5 meters and the treetop is up to 3 meters wide.
D. Thyme – 18 plants
The thyme is the perfect gap filler. The ground cover has a gentle scent and grows up to 20 cm high.
E. Mangold: 8 plants
The chard has a stem that turns yellow, red, orange or pink. The plant does best in full sun and grows up to 50 cm.
F. Leaf vegetables: possibly for planters
In addition to the other plants, you can plant a mix of different types and varieties of leafy vegetables in flower pots. Example of a mix: oak leaf lettuce, lamb’s lettuce, rocket, chicory, nettle, green lettuce.
G. Ornamental apple “Golden raindrops”: 1 tree
The crabapple bears fruit in summer, is up to 7 meters high and 5 meters wide.
H. Steppe Sage: 7 plants
The steppe sage forms purple-colored flowers, grows up to 60 cm high and loves full sun.
I. Currants: 2 plants
The currant is a shrub up to 2 meters high that bears red fruits in summer.
J. Forest berries: 17 plants
The forest berries are the perfect ground cover that can fill in the gaps between the other plants. They bear fruit all summer long.
Planting the terrace: a planting plan that provides privacy
If the windows of the neighboring houses look directly onto the terrace, then the privacy screen is an absolute must. In the allotment garden, however, the area in front of the terrace often has nothing to offer other than a lawn. The next planting plan for replanting is perfect for patios that need sun and privacy protection.
These are the plants and trees at a glance:
1. Japanese cherry
The Japanese cherry tree provides privacy for the terrace. In spring it forms beautiful pink flowers, in autumn its leaves turn golden yellow.
2. Butterfly lilac
As the name suggests, the butterfly lilac attracts butterflies like no other plant to the garden. The color of the flower buds can vary – in the garden centers you can find white, pink, blue or purple flowering varieties.
3. Japanese azalea
The Japanese azalea is a beautiful flower that starts to bloom in spring. The perennial has a very interesting shape, with which it attracts attention even after the end of summer.
4. Dwarf spherical tree of life “Danica”
The dwarf spherical tree of life is an evergreen perennial that adorns modern garden designs.
The lavender is not only an absolute classic in the Mediterranean garden. It is now hard to imagine your garden without it.
The Funkia is a ground cover that is popular because of its two-tone foliage.
7. Lily of the valley
The lily of the valley is a very easy to care for flower that is extremely long-lived. It grows quickly and magnificently in flower beds.
Miniature pines are perfect for the patio area. They can also provide additional privacy.
9. Taxus baccata hedge
The hedge can be cut in various shapes and provides privacy and wind protection for the terrace.
Admittedly, the rhododendron is not an easy-care plant. On the other hand, its flowers are so beautiful that it is definitely worth the effort.
11. spindle bush
The spindle bush is popular for its yellow foliage. It is both a ground cover and a climbing plant, making it perfect for the area around the pergola.
Edging the terrace with plants: tips for the rock garden
If you want to surround your patio with plants but don’t have a lot of free time, then you can opt for a rock garden. These plants are possible:
1. Mountain pine – 6 trees
The mountain pine clearly plays the main role in this planting plan. It cuts a particularly good figure on the edge around the terrace.
2. Blue fescue – 4 plants
The blue fescue is the perfect combination partner in the rock garden.
3. Alpine carnation – 20 plants
The alpine carnation is perfect for a flower carpet. Its delicate purple flowers go particularly well with the blue geraniums.
4. Geraniums – 6 plants
Plant the terrace all around
If you want to plant all around your terrace, but at the same time do not want to do without a lawn completely, then the next planting plan is exactly the right thing for you. The main role is played by the trees, which provide both shade and privacy. High bushes perfectly frame the terrace and protect it from the wind. The flowers and the low perennials together with several ground covers offer variety. Climbing plants effectively complete the ensemble. There is a splendor of flowers in the home garden in the summer months.
These plants are possible:
1. Hawthorn “Paul’s Scarlet”
2. Cypress “Pendula”
3. Becher-Elbe “Hicksii”
4. Becher Elbe “Wojtek”
5. Rocket junior “Blue arrow”
6. Sawara cypress “Filifera Aurea”
7. “Abbotswood” finger bush
8. Blueberry “Diabolo”
9. Hedge barberry “Aurea”
10. “Goldfinger” finger bush
11. Hedge barberry “Golden ring”
12. Canadian dogwood
14. Gold rim funkie “Aureomarginata”