Gardening

Making fertilizer from banana peel: DIY instructions and other ideas for uses in the garden

Garden and indoor plants need water, fresh air and nutrients to grow magnificently. It is therefore advisable to fertilize the flowers and shrubs regularly, especially in spring and summer. There are many variants to choose from in stores. A special fertilizer is offered for almost every plant family. But it doesn’t have to be that complicated: in most cases you can do without special fertilizers and even make the fertilizer yourself. In this way you can reduce the negative effects on the garden soil and biodiversity and at the same time enjoy high yields and flowers. In today’s article we explain how you can make fertilizer from banana peel and tell you what other uses organic banana peel can have in the garden at home.

Making fertilizer from banana peel: Only use bananas from organic plantations

Buy organic bananas and process them into fertilizer

The banana is one of the most popular fruits among Germans. A family of four eats an average of around 400 bananas a year, which is around 14.5 kg per person. About a fifth of it – around 3 kilograms of banana peel ends up in the organic waste. It’s a shame, actually, because the peels of the exotic fruits are rich in nutrients such as potassium, magnesium and calcium. That makes them the perfect ingredients for a liquid fertilizer. You can make fertilizer from banana peels only, or you can combine them with other materials like coffee or eggshells. Above all, it is important that you only use bananas from organic farming. Conventionally produced bananas from the supermarket can contain pesticide residues. The plantations are treated with anti-mold agents before harvest so that the fruit does not rot on the long way to the supermarket. In addition, the bananas are very susceptible to certain types of mushrooms and are therefore watered with special mushroom agents during the ripening period. All of these harmful chemicals build up in the shell. If you use it to make fertilizer, the pesticides get into the soil and garden plants and can damage them. So if you want to make fertilizer from banana peel, you should use organic products.

Making fertilizer from banana peel yourself: These plants will benefit from it

Make your own fertilizer from banana peel and let it dry

The fertilizer made from banana peel is perfect for crops and flowers with a high need for potassium. Such are, for example, tomatoes, peppers, cucumbers, sugar beets and pumpkins. Flowers like geraniums, roses, and fuchsias also need potassium. However, most of the soils in Germany are poor in potassium. This is especially true for soils with a high proportion of humus or sand. Since overdosing with potassium can damage the plants, you should first take a soil sample and have it examined in the laboratory to be on the safe side. Even the cheapest soil analysis can determine the potassium content and serve as a guide.

Enrich the garden soil with banana peels

Make fertilizer from banana peel yourself, chop it up

You can make various fertilizers yourself from banana peels. In the following we will explain to you what options you have and how to use the fertilizer produced correctly. With a nutrient-poor garden soil, only one thing helps: fertilize. Although the fertilizer from banana peel is not suitable as a complete fertilizer, it can enrich the garden soil. The best time to do this is between mid-March and the end of April, just before you replant the garden. The easiest way to do this is to first cut the shells into small pieces or puree them finely in a smoothie mixer. Then work the small pieces or the puree into the soil, directly around the plant roots. This method is great for small gardens and raised beds where you want to plant flowers, ground cover, and perennials with high potassium needs.

Make liquid fertilizer from banana peels, coffee grounds and egg shells

Recipe for fertilizer made from banana peels and egg shells

You can also make liquid fertilizer from banana peel. It will perfectly supply the young plants with all the necessary nutrients in spring. To do this, cut the banana peel into small pieces and let them dry in a sunny place. Leave 4-5 eggshells and around 30 to 50 g of coffee grounds to dry in a shady place. Then put both the eggshells and the dried banana peels in a blender or a Thermomix and grind them finely. Then fill the resulting powder together with 1 tbsp Epsom salt (also available in pharmacies under the name Epsom salt) in a 1 liter spray bottle. Fill the bottle with lukewarm water, screw on the lid and shake it vigorously until the egg and banana powder dissolves completely. You can use it to fertilize the plants every two weeks.

Mix the irrigation water with fertilizer from banana peel: This recipe ensures rapid growth of indoor and garden plants

Fertilizing plants and banana peel composting tips

Have you planted roses, geraniums or fuchsias and are now hoping for a splendid bloom in spring and summer? Then you can give the flowers a helping hand and give them fertilizer from banana peel with the irrigation water. The recipe is super simple. You will need about two handfuls of crushed banana peels to put in a saucepan. Then fill the pot with 1 liter of distilled water and bring it to a boil. Let the water simmer over low heat for about 3-4 minutes, then remove the saucepan from the heat. Let the liquid fertilizer steep for about 5-6 hours, then remove the banana pieces and only pour the liquid into sealable bottles. Dilute 100 ml of liquid fertilizer with 1 liter of lukewarm tap water and water the flowers with it once or twice a week.

Incidentally, this liquid fertilizer is also ideal for Tillandsia. Spray the plants twice a month to extend the flowering period.

Sow seeds with banana peels

How to make fertilizer from banana peel yourself Instructions

Young plants need a lot of nutrients. A trick will help you speed up the germination of the seeds. Sow the seeds together with small pieces of banana peel. If you start sowing at home, then first put finely chopped banana peel in the holes, and only then put the seeds on top. Moisten the seeds with a spray bottle full of liquid fertilizer made from banana peel and water, then cover them with soil.

Compost banana peels

Banana peel composting tips and guidance

Although the bananas are exotic fruits, their peels are allowed on the compost heap. Provided, of course, that they are organic bananas. Even if you’ve made fertilizer from these banana peels, you can compost them. The organic bananas are not treated with pesticides and therefore rot much faster.

Leaf care for the houseplants

Make fertilizer from banana peel for these crops and flowers

In winter you decorate the conservatory or the house, in spring you can go back on the balcony or terrace: the houseplants must be able to withstand various environmental influences. Large-leaved plants in particular often suffer a lot when you change locations. Dirt and dust prevent the leaves from absorbing sunlight and water from the spray bottle. It is therefore worth wiping the leaves with a damp cloth once a week. Moisten the cloth with a solution of liquid fertilizer from banana peel and tap water.

Attract butterflies and birds and finally fight fruit flies in the garden

Attract butterflies with banana peels

Banana peels can attract beneficial insects and birds to the garden. Hang the bowls on a tree or high shrub in the garden. However, do not leave them in the garden overnight, as this can also attract pests.

Young and old like to spend time in the garden, especially in summer. The dining area is also being moved outside. But for family dinner to be really fun, insects like fruit flies need to be combated first. We explain how you can make a fruit fly trap with banana peel yourself. Put 3-4 banana peels in a transparent plastic box and drizzle 4-5 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar over it. Poke holes in the lid and hang the plastic box in a sunny place.

Processing banana peel into fertilizer and other gardening uses

The banana peels can improve the soil quality and successfully replace the fertilizer from the garden center. Make sure, however, that you only make the fertilizer from organic bananas. You can cut the shells into small pieces and let them steep in the water overnight or boil them briefly. You can also puree or dry the shells in the Thermomix and grind them together with the dried eggshells. Depending on whether you are making a slow release fertilizer or a liquid fertilizer, you can use it to fertilize the plants two to twelve times a month.