Gardening

Japanese maple – 18 types of maple and care tips for the beautiful ornamental shrub

Japanese maple species-red-leaves-autumn-care-tips

Japanese maple is one of the most popular garden plants. No wonder, because it stands for beautiful leaf discolorations and shapes. In autumn it is a special eye-catcher in the garden. The most common variety is the red Japanese maple, but there are still many types with different colors such as yellow-green, purple, orange and multicolored. The dwarf varieties reach a height of 1.50 meters and are perfect for small gardens. Many Japanese maple trees form a picturesque branching crown and are characterized by a dense growth. Take a look at the variety and growth variety of the Japanese maple in the following gallery, in which we have also summarized some care tips and properties!

Japanese maple “Dissectum Atropurpureum”

Japanese maple species red shrub Dissectum Atropurpureum

Acer palmatum or Japanese maple. This classic develops deeply carved, lavender-red leaves that turn crimson in the fall. We also love its branching crown, which reminds it of a sad willow tree.

Growing conditions: Partial shade and moist, well-drained soil

Size: 2.5 meters high and wide

Why this variety? You want a good, small-format variety of cut sheets.

japanese maple shrub species red leaves Dissectum Atropurpureum

The Japanese maple should be watered frequently. It’s best to do this in the morning and in the evening. Choose a location that is not drafty. Otherwise the leaf tips can burn in the sun. You only have to fertilize once a year in spring. The nutrients you add to the tree are perfectly adequate for the rest of the year. You only have to cut the strong-growing specimens and, more precisely, the tips of their shoots. Other varieties are only freed from dead branches and parts. Whether the location should be sunny or shady again depends on the subspecies. It is best to agree this when buying in the nursery or garden center.

Japanese maple in the garden – species that can tolerate direct sunlight

Japanese maple in the garden – 50 design ideas

Japanese garden planting plan: ideas for modern outdoor areas in an Asian style

Japanese maple “Coonara Pygmy”

japanese-maple-species-acer-palmatum-coonara-pygmy-autumn-color

This dwarf Japanese maple presents its pink colored leaves in spring. The shade of pink fades in summer, but turns orange-red in autumn. Due to its compact size, this strain can also grow in a tub.

Growing conditions: Partial shade and moist, well-drained soil

Size: 2.5 meters high and wide

Why this variety? Perfect for a small garden or as a container plant.

Japanese maple species-yellow-shrub-Coonara-Pygmy

This type of maple impresses with a total of three leaf colors over the course of the year, so that it always provides variety in the garden. It is a fairly slowly growing representative. So if you want a bigger tree quickly, you should buy it already fully grown. Of course, the size also affects the price. Otherwise, a Japanese maple like this one also grows very densely, so you can use the potted plants along the terrace wonderfully as a privacy screen. If you want to distribute some bonsai varieties in the garden, you can also do this with this specimen.

Japanese maple “Green Cascade”

japanese maple red maple Green Cascade acer japonicum

This Japanese maple develops shiny, finely carved, green leaves and a mourning crown. If not fixed by a vine stake, it forms a flowing mound of leaves. The autumn color is red-orange.

Growing conditions: Partial shade and moist, well-drained soil

Size: Ground covering up to 3 meters or more

japanese maple species red shrub Green Cascade

With this maple you also get an attractive eye-catcher in your garden all year round. In autumn it can attract attention as a single plant or create a colorful garden together with other colored plant species. It comes into its own in the midst of evergreen plants and provides enough color even in late autumn.

Shirasawa’s Japanese maple “Autumn Moon”

Japanese maple species Autumn Moon

Acer shirasawanum “Autumn Moon” is the name of this variety. Like the Japanese golden maple, it also has golden leaves, but with red leaf margins. In autumn it shows a unique play of colors in red, orange and yellow.,

Growing conditions: Partial shade and moist, well-drained soil

Size: 1.5 meters high and wide

Why this variety? The perfect choice if you want a Japanese maple with golden leaves.

Japanese maple species-red-green-Autumn-Moon

So if a plain Japanese maple isn’t enough for you, add this type of maple as well. Here you can see exactly how attractive the leaves are turning. For much of the year the leaves are pale yellow to ocher in color. This continues into July. Then they turn a strong green, only to impress with this play of colors in autumn. It is more of an ornamental shrub than a tree that grows thick and luxuriant and is suitable for small gardens, balconies or patios. Plant it against a dark background. Then the leaves come into their own.

Japanese maple “Hogyoku”

japanese red maple tree green yellow hogyoku

“Hogyoku” is a medium-sized variety with green leaves that turn bright orange in autumn. It is more robust and more heat tolerant than many other varieties.

Growing conditions: Partial shade and moist, well-drained soil

Size:  4.5 meters high and wide

Why this variety? The best choice when you need a tree that tolerates heat.

Japanese maple species-yellow-green-Hogyoku

A sunny location is also suitable for this species. The soil can be slightly acidic, then the tree feels really good. It really comes into its own in autumn and can be used as a single plant in the garden or in a planter. Find out more about frost tolerance from your dealer, because they can only withstand the cold relatively and may need protection against the cold outdoors.

Acer shirasawanum “Aureum” – Japanese golden maple

japanese maple species orange shrub Golden Fullmoon

An exceptionally beautiful plant with golden yellow leaves in summer. In autumn the edges of the leaves turn red, while the center remains gold.

Growing conditions: Partial shade and moist, well-drained soil

Size: 6 meters high and wide

Choose this variety, though You want a Japanese maple with golden foliage.

A shady location is also good for the tree and is particularly preferable to the strong sun. However, keep in mind that in full shade the leaves will turn green. If you have a pond or other water feature in the garden, this place is beneficial for the tree because it loves moisture. Avoid very dry soils and those that cause waterlogging. The same goes for drafts. You can counteract this by planting the maple in front of a high hedge, wall or house wall. The choice of location also has an impact on the winter hardiness of the plant, which is why it should be given sufficient attention.

“Beni Kawa”

Japanese ornamental maple shrub green Beni Kawa

A maple tree for all seasons. It has small, green leaves that turn golden yellow in autumn. In winter it shines with its beautiful red-colored stems. You look breathtaking in a snowy garden.

Growing conditions: Partial shade and moist, well-drained soil

Size: 4.5 meters high, 3.5 meters wide

Choose this variety, if you want to have a highlight in the garden in winter.

If you already have some evergreen plants in the garden that should also adorn it in winter, you might want to set accents with other colors. You can do this perfectly with this type of maple, because the red bark definitely attracts everyone’s attention. In May the tree impresses with a flowering time, which is, however, not nearly as impressive as the discoloration of the leaves and branches.

“Higasayama”

japanese-maple-species-green-garden-higasayama

This dwarf maple is a favorite as a bonsai tree. It has pink buds which then open into cream, green and fuchsia colored leaves. In autumn the maple leaves shine in gold and yellow.

Growing conditions: Partial shade and moist, well-drained soil

Size: 4.5 meters high and wide

Choose this variety, if you like brightly colored leaves.

“Emperor I”

Japanese maple species-sycamore-purple-leaf-Emperor-1

A popular variety because of its dark, purple-red leaves. Acer palmatum “Wolff” is particularly suitable for gardens in the north, because its leaves develop a little later than those of the others. This way you can avoid the late frost in spring. It turns scarlet in autumn.

Growing conditions: Partial shade and moist, well-drained soil

Size: 4.5 meters high and wide

Choose this variety, though You want a hardy Japanese maple with dark red leaves.

Acer palmatum “Sango-kaku”

japanese maple species-green-garden-coral-bark

“Sango-Kaku” is a maple tree with multi-season talent. The green leaves turn bright yellow in autumn. After the leaves have fallen, coral-red stems appear.

Growing conditions: Partial shade and moist, well-drained soil

Size: 6 meters high and 4.5 meters wide

Choose this variety, though You want to have an eye-catcher in the garden during the winter time.

Acer palmatum “Sumi Nagashi”

japanese maple species red sycamore maple Sumi Nagashi

This red maple tree is characterized by deeply carved, purple-red leaves in spring and summer. The autumn color is carmine and noticeable.

Growing conditions: Partial shade and moist, well-drained soil

Size: 5.5 meters high and wide

Choose this variety, though You want a large Japanese maple tree with an intense red color.

Acer palmatum “Bloodgood”

japanese maple species red orange Bloodgood

The Japanese maple “Bloodgood” is a classic in the garden and is characterized by deeply carved, volet-red leaves that keep their color through the summer. In autumn they turn purple.

Growing conditions: Partial shade and moist, well-drained soil

Size: 6 meters high and wide

Choose this variety, though You want a large Japanese maple tree with an intense red color.

Acer palmatum “Villa Taranto”

japanese maple species red maple autumn Villa Taranto

This Japanese maple tree features deeply carved, spider-like leaves that are pink in spring, light green in summer, and golden yellow in fall.

Growing conditions: Partial shade and moist, well-drained soil

Size: 3 meters high and wide

Choose this variety, though You want to have a tiny maple tree with tiny leaf shapes.

Acer palmatum “Crimson Queen”

red maple species purple crimson queen

This impressive variety has a weeping crown and beautiful, finely carved, dark purple leaves. In autumn they turn bright and dark red.

Growing conditions: Partial shade and moist, well-drained soil

Size: 3.6 meters high and wide

Choose this variety, though want a maple tree with finely carved leaves.

Acer palmatum “Beni schichihenge”

Japanese maple species-garden-Beni-Schichihenge

A small, Japanese maple tree with stunning blue-green leaves with pink and cream leaf margins. In autumn they turn orange and gold. It resists leaf burn in hot, dry weather better than many other strains.

Growing conditions: Partial shade and moist, well-drained soil

Size: 2.5 meters high and wide

Choose this variety, though You want variegated leaves or a heat-resistant variety.

Acer japonicum “Aconitifolium” also “Maiku jaku”

japanese maple species-orange-leaves-aconitifolium

The Japanese fire maple is one of the most beautiful varieties. It is characterized by finely carved, fern-like leaves that turn green first, and then red, orange, yellow in autumn.

Growing conditions: Partial shade and moist, well-drained soil

Size: 3 meters high and wide

Choose this variety, though You need a Japanese maple with a nice texture.

Acer palmatum “Caperci Dwarf”

red maple tree types of maple Caperci Dwarf dwarf maple

This small, slow growing maple tree has pink colored new leaves that fade to green as the season progresses. Then in the fall they turn bright gold.

Growing conditions: Partial shade and moist, well-drained soil

Size: 2 meters high; 3 or more feet wide

Choose this variety, though You need a Japanese maple for a bucket or for a small garden.

Acer japonicum “Vitifolium”

Types of maple Japanese red maple Vitifolium idea red orange

This tall, sturdy maple tree has broad, dark green leaves that turn gold, yellow, orange, and scarlet in the fall.

Growing conditions: Partial shade and moist, well-drained soil

Size: 7.5 meters high and wide

Choose this variety, though need a Japanese maple variety that will tolerate cold and warm weather well.