Build and plant raised beds yourself – advantages, materials and tips

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Raised beds are very popular among gardeners and hobby gardeners when it comes to garden design. They beautify the garden and are easy to maintain thanks to their comfortable working height. If you want to put your vegetables or flowers in the limelight and always enjoy a good harvest, then you can have a garden Build a raised bed yourself. What are the advantages, which materials can be used and many helpful tips for building a raised bed can be found in the article.

Why build a raised bed yourself?

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Garden beds play an important role in garden design, because they create order in the garden and can subdivide the various plantings according to type. Compared to flat beds, a garden raised bed creates the optimal conditions for fruit, vegetables and herbs. The soil temperature in the raised bed is a few degrees higher than in the flat bed and therefore the plants have a longer cultivation time. For this, however, a good construction and suitable filling are necessary.

Build a raised bed yourself – advantages at a glance

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A raised bed can replace several small flat beds because it can be used almost all year round. One of the greatest advantages of the raised bed is precisely its comfortable height. In addition, larger harvests are achieved and the raised design offers good protection against vermin. When it comes to the shape and choice of materials, you have freedom of design and you can build your own raised bed yourself.

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Build a raised bed for comfortable gardening

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Thanks to the greater height, the raised bed can even be planted and cared for while standing. This is perfect for both young and elderly people who want a garden but complain of back pain. As a rule, the height of the raised bed is between 30 centimeters and one meter, but you can adjust the exact height to your own needs if you build the bed yourself. This will make gardening easier to do without having to hunch your back.

Build a raised bed yourself for higher yields

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Compared to a flat bed of the same size, the yields achieved with a raised bed are two to three times greater. This is mainly thanks to the filling with organic materials in several layers. In this way, a process of humus formation is set in motion and the bed is well supplied for a few years. In addition, in this case the harvest success does not depend on the soil quality in your own garden.

Garden raised bed against vermin

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If lettuce or herbs are planted in a flat bed, one must constantly watch out for pests such as snails, because they quickly make their way to cultivation. A raised bed, on the other hand, cannot be conquered by the vermin so quickly and you can notice and collect them in good time.

Raised bed for balconies and patios

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Do you live in the city and can only dream of having your own garden? With a special raised bed for the terrace or balcony, this dream can also be fulfilled in the big city and you can enjoy gardening in a smaller apartment.

Build your own raised bed from different materials

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Whether for the garden, the terrace or the balcony, you can build a small or large raised bed yourself and ensure rich yields. You can choose from different materials for the frame construction. Wood, stone and metal are perfectly suited for this and raised beds can be built in any shape. Building a raised bed yourself is time-consuming, but the result is worth it.

Build raised beds from wood

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The choice of material for the construction of the raised bed depends on the garden style and your own preferences. Raised beds made of wood are a popular option that fits different garden styles and looks beautiful in the outdoor area. Larch, pine, Douglas fir and softwood are perfect for this and you can use them to build a raised bed of any length and height yourself.

Set accents in the garden with a raised bed made of stone


Stone is a material that is resistant and creates beautiful visual effects in the garden. If you want to build a practical stone raised bed yourself, you can use different types of stone, such as natural stone, sandstone or brick. Gabions are another popular idea for constructing the raised bed and combine nicely with a flower bed.

Build your own raised bed out of metal

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Different designs are also possible for raised beds made of metal. A raised bed made of stainless steel can be built in different shapes and looks particularly noble, but requires greater care, because traces of rust occur due to contact corrosion.

Raised garden bed made from alternative materials

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With Corten steel, on the other hand, you give the garden a nostalgic look and can set rustic accents in the outdoor area. That is why the material with a roasted look is a popular variant for raised beds in the garden. However, if you want to rely on natural materials, you can build a raised bed yourself from coconut mats. However, since they rot over time, they have to be replaced every few years.

Find the right location and build the raised bed

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If you want to build a raised bed yourself, you should first find a suitable location in the garden or on the balcony. To make it easier to work on the raised bed, you should pay attention to a few important points for the location. If the raised bed is built for the balcony, designs on castors that you can easily move as required are recommended.

Choose a sunny location for the raised beds


The sun is an important prerequisite for rich yields, because the sun’s rays promote the growth of most plants. Therefore, you should build the raised bed yourself in a sunny location and thus get the most benefit from the sun.

Build a raised bed yourself – what else needs to be considered


An important point when building a raised bed in the garden is the subsurface. It should be level so that the soil can later be evenly distributed in the bed. It is also advisable to build the raised bed in such a way that you can easily work on all sides. Furthermore, the raised bed needs more water than the usual flat beds, so a water connection nearby would be advantageous to facilitate irrigation.

Tips for building a raised bed yourself


If you have decided to build a raised bed for the garden yourself, then you should already think about the design after choosing the location. First and foremost, the size of the raised bed is of central importance. It usually depends on what you want to plant in the bed. For example, some plants shouldn’t be planted too close together because they need more space to grow. A raised bed should be made longer rather than wider so that you can get to the plants from all beings.

Create a raised bed in spring or autumn

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The right season for planting the raised bed also plays an important role. It would be advisable to create the raised bed in autumn or spring, because during these times of the year a large amount of natural waste falls in the garden, which is very beneficial for the soil in the raised bed. You can also build the raised bed yourself in summer, but you should wait for the right time to fill it.

Build a raised bed yourself – prepare the subsurface

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When building the raised bed yourself, you should first select the location with a level surface and, in the first step, mark the desired size for the bed with ground anchors and wall cord. In a lawn, the next thing you should do is remove the sward about four inches (ten centimeters) with a spade. Now you can start building the frame structure.

Raised bed assembly instructions

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Raised beds made of different materials are also built differently. For a raised bed made of wood, for example, in addition to the wooden boards for the frame, you also need suitable posts and, if necessary, ground sleeves. Regardless of the material for the frame construction, you still need a close-meshed wire mesh as vole protection and pond liner to clad the inside of the raised bed.

Video tutorial – Build a raised bed yourself with a wooden frame

Build a raised bed yourself with a cover and design it as a greenhouse

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With a suitable construction, the raised bed can be designed with a roof and serve as a small greenhouse. Simply stretch a sheet of film over the construction and the greenhouse is ready. This enables the plants to survive the harsher weather conditions in winter.

Build and plant raised beds yourself

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Before building the raised bed, you can think about suitable planting. In some cases, the height of the bed depends on the sowing. For potatoes, for example, the raised bed should not be higher than 30 centimeters, whereas for smaller plants such as strawberries, a height of one meter is recommended for the raised bed.

Prepare the raised bed for filling

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In order to optimally supply the raised bed with nutrients, you should carefully fill it with organic materials in layers. First, however, should be the close-meshed grid in the raised bed and then the pond liner for the inner walls, which protects against moisture.

Fill the raised bed layer by layer

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The first layer ensures good ventilation in the raised bed so that the other filling material can rot better and faster. It consists of coarse components such as twigs, branches and wood chips. This is followed by a layer of garden waste, such as lawn clippings or leaves.

Use good soil

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Next comes a layer of humus-rich garden soil and this is followed by the ripe compost. Under no circumstances should you use cheap soil for the raised bed, as it can clump together and damage the roots. As the last layer, a high-quality potting soil is recommended, which is well suited for planting.

Build a raised bed yourself and plant flowers

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Flowers grow quickly and beautifully in a raised bed if they get enough sunlight and water. Therefore, you can design the garden with several small raised beds with flowers and create a colorful oasis. The raised beds create order in the outdoor area and speak for a well-tended garden.

What else can you plant in the raised bed?


When you have finished building the raised bed yourself, you can now plant it with vegetables, shrubs or flowers of your choice. Although raised beds look really nice with flowers, they are more commonly used to grow a vegetable garden. Small varieties of tomatoes and runner beans are very suitable for the raised bed. You can sow in the bed or plant young plants directly in the ground.