Garden design and maintenance

Which privacy protection plants for the garden and terrace? This list helps!

Plants as a privacy screen to the neighbor hedge evergreen hardy frost hardy calm

In order to be able to feel really comfortable in your own garden and on the terrace, you have to think of suitable privacy protection solutions. It doesn’t necessarily have to be a wooden privacy fence – a lively green wall made of flowering shrubs and dense trees can create privacy and be a real eye-catcher. But which plants as privacy screens are best for your garden? Today we present you with a short list of plants that could help you choose the right privacy protection plants.

Evergreen or flowering plants as privacy screens?

Plants as privacy protection blooming-hibiscus-hedge

When choosing your privacy screen, you should first familiarize yourself with the different properties of the plants in order to choose a hedge that suits you and your needs. Are you looking for a particularly fast-growing hedge plant that stays green even in winter? Or is it important to you that the hedge grows narrow and does not take up a lot of space? Classic hedgerows that don’t lose their leaves in winter or fragrant hedges that pamper you with multicolored flowers in the warm seasons are important to you? If you love variety, you can also combine evergreen and flowering trees, for example hibiscus and privet.

Classic hedge plants

Plants as privacy protection hedge-laurel hedge-cherry laurel-evergreen

Privet, hornbeam, yew, cherry laurel, thuja and boxwood are among the classic hedge plants that are very popular among gardeners. All varieties are evergreen, hardy, and hardy, but some have different needs and properties. The big disadvantage of yew hedges, for example, is the slow growth and the fact that The seeds and needles of the yew tree are poisonous are. For this reason, planting yew trees in a garden with children and pets is not recommended.

When selecting the hedge plants, the length of the planned hedge must also be taken into account, because there are various recommendations as to how many plants are needed per meter of hedge. If fast-growing plants are planted too densely, the dimensions of the garden will soon be blown up. What preparations need to be made and how you can plant your privacy screen yourself step by step, read here.

Dense evergreen hedges as a privacy screen – what hedge plants?

Bamboo in the bucket as a privacy screen and decoration on the terrace

Privacy protection for the garden – screen with flowers and plants

Narrow hedge plants for privacy protection in the small garden

Plants as a privacy screen to the neighbors narrow Taxus baccata pillar wood

Even with a small garden it is possible to have a nice natural privacy screen. Column-shaped conifers that grow stiffly upright are perfect for creating a narrow hedge. The following varieties are ideal for this:

  • Columnar Taxus baccata ‘Fastigiata Robusta’
  • Arborvitae Thuja occidentalis ‘Smaragd’
  • Columnar cypress Chamaecyparis lawsoniana ‘Columnaris Glauca’
  • Blue rocket juniper Juniperus scopulorum ‘Blue Arrow’

Climbing plants as privacy screens for the terrace

Privacy protection plants fast-growing climbing plants hops terrace

Climbing plants on a trellis or on the patio cover also offer good privacy. The classics include ivy and clematis, but there are a variety of robust climbing plants that can protect the house and garden from prying eyes. The real hop (Humulus lupulus), for example, is relatively undemanding, fast-growing and can according to “family home and garden” up to 50 years old. Unfortunately, it is not evergreen, i.e. it can only be used as a privacy screen from May to September.

fast-growing ornamental grasses as privacy screens

Plants as a privacy screen terrace-ornamental grass-china reed-elephant grass

If you want to bring a piece of Asia into your garden, then you can choose bamboo as a privacy protection plant. As a hedge, they are robust, hardy, fast-growing and can easily be cut to the desired shape and height. Bamboo plants are green even in winter and thus offer the ideal privacy screen all year round. Basically, a distinction is made between bamboo with and without runners. The Fargesia bamboo varieties develop compact clumps, while the Phyllostachys species form subterranean root runners and can therefore spread quickly in the garden. This is usually prevented with a rhizome barrier. The grove-forming phyllostachys are particularly suitable for high hedges because they reach heights of around 3 to 5 meters. Fargesia Rufa is one of the most popular bamboo plants, but due to its overhanging habit it takes up a lot of space. For narrower hedges, the slimmer bamboos Fargesia robusta Campbell, Fargesia jiuzhaigou and Fargesia nitida are ideal.

Chinese reed (elephant grass) is a good alternative to the bamboo hedge. The densely growing giant grass grows to a fascinating height in a short time and is one of the tallest grasses ever. Note, however, that the ornamental grass also spreads like clumps via rhizomes and therefore needs a root barrier. Alternatively, you can use mortar buckets without a bottom in the bed. The variety Micanthus sinensis Silberfeder, which can grow up to 2 meters high, is well suited for a hedge.

Mobile privacy screen with plants in the tub for the terrace

plants privacy screen terrace bucket mobile trellis build your own garden terrace

Plants in the tub are also suitable as protection from prying eyes, because they can be easily moved back and forth on the terrace. If you are a fan of DIY projects, then you can try building such a wheeled flower box with trellis yourself. A combination of climbing and flowering plants is then recommended for planting. The climbing plant should grow up the trellis, while the ground cover shadows its foot.

When choosing the privacy protection plants, also consider the terrace orientation

Plants as privacy protection hedge-terrace-hornbeam hedge

When choosing the right plants for privacy protection, it is important to pay attention to the needs of the respective plants. How much sun and what soil does the plant need? If the privacy screen is needed on the north side in a shady location, the following species are particularly suitable: holly Ilex maservae, yew Taxus baccata, cherry laurel Prunus laurocerausus rotundifolia, evergreen snowball Viburnum rhytidophyllum, black-green privet Logustrum vulgare Atrovierens and hornbeam.

For the south side, privacy protection plants that can withstand blazing sun are suitable. The following varieties are well available for such locations: Privet Vulgare Altrovierens, Barberry Berberis thunbergii, Firethorn Pyracantha coccinea and Leyland cypress X Cupressocyparis leylandii. 

Plants as a privacy screen to the neighbors for the terraced house garden


So that there is no trouble with the neighbors about the distance between trees and hedges that are too close together, you must inquire about the regulations in your state in advance. Neighborhood law regulates border planting and specifies which shrub and tree species are allowed to stand how close to the fence and how far plants of a certain height should be planted from the property line. In most federal states, a hedge height of 2 meters is permitted with a planting distance of 50 centimeters.