Garden design and maintenance

Overview of different garden styles and 20 outstanding examples

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All beginner gardeners dream of a well-designed garden with large trees, well-formed flower beds, fragrant rose bushes and maybe a reservoir too … and most of them are ready to do everything to realize this idea, unfortunately they forget something particularly important namely that in the garden, as with people, everything should be harmonious. So, when the time comes and you want to make your garden new and beautiful, it is first necessary to determine which garden style you like best and only then can you decide on one of the traditional projects that suit your fantasies correctly. Today we want one Overview of different garden styles make, all of which are characterized by charm and perfection. You can admire the pictures and think about which garden you like best because they are all beautiful and eye-catching and come with its advantages. So here you are definitely spoiled for choice!

Overview of different garden styles

Japanese garden combines stone and water

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Such a miniature model is carried out in a limited space with low-growing plants and trees. Nothing is accidental, everything has its own meaning, the plants themselves and the order in which they are placed. Every detail, even the smallest, harmonizes amazingly with everything around and has its own symbolism. For example, the bridge over the brook symbolizes the sun, the bamboo – sustainability and patience, the pine tree is a symbol for longevity, the oak tree for strength, the lotus is known to be the symbol of wisdom and sakura (cherry blossom) stands for spiritual beauty. The main elements in all Japanese gardens are stone and water. According to the teachings of Buddhism, their presence in the Japanese garden is a must. The stones symbolize the “Yang” – the male light, the active and the water symbolizes the “Yin”, everything feminine, dark, passive.

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Japanese gardens are designed in such a way that while walking you will discover ever new changing and beautiful landscapes, step by step. The sidewalks here are not straight, they are curved and arranged in a circle around the central courtyard. A special highlight of these gardens is the sidewalk, which serves as a transition to a stream or pond.

The Spanish Garden, later named “Moorish”, was established in southern Spain

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Since the country was under the power of the Arabs for several centuries, the majority of whom profess Islam, it has inevitably been reflected in the appearance of the garden. The water symbolizes the beginning of Muslim life and heavenly bliss, so there are always many sources of water in these gardens. Fountains and basins made of stone, colored ceramics or glass give these gardens a fairytale character and small channels emphasize the strict geometry of the layout.

Another special feature of the Spanish garden is the limited outdoor patio. Usually it is framed by green galleries, wrapped with vines and climbing plants. Trees and shrubs in these gardens do not necessarily need to be pruned and grow amidst bright flowers and herbs. In order to create a path here and create free areas, you usually use decorative flooring, mostly tiles or natural stones. All of this gives the Spanish garden a special grandeur and sophistication.

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The English Garden and its landscaping

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Its open layout highlights the merits of the natural vegetation and hides its flaws when necessary. Trees and bushes are here in picturesque groups that repeat the walkways and emphasize the contours of the landscape and a water landscape with calmly flowing water enlivens the entire outdoor area. Such areas have a natural beauty that is achieved by strict rules. Therefore, when designing, one must also take into account the seasonal changes in the color of the leaves, flowers and grass. The principle of contrasts is mandatory: dark trees and bushes alternate with light flower beds, wide lawns with closed areas. The garden sculptures and garden accessories play an important role. In winter they are important focal points in the English Garden. The flowers in the English Garden grow directly in the grass and lawn and are never bordered by stone or brick edges. Today in England wildflowers and grasses, ferns, weeds, and all colorful forms of vegetation are popular. The colorful trees often remind us of the cheerful Moorish garden with its bright colors. This creates a special atmosphere of freedom and naturalness that typical city dwellers are not familiar with.

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Overview of different garden styles – The French garden

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The French Garden of Louis XIV (photo) is considered a calling card of the French style of garden design, which originated in France in the 17th century and reached its peak during the reign of Louis XIV. Symmetry of the layout and crisp, sharp lines – these are the main features of the French garden.

The numerous beds with well-tended lawns play a special role, in the distance you can see a decorative pool or lake, again surrounded by colorful flowers.

Often the whole panorama of this garden is set on one level. If the relief does not allow it, however, then generous terraces are built, complete with retaining walls. Here those plants are predominant that can be trimmed well and are properly able to stay in perfect shape for a long time. Plants such as thuja, sparrows, thistle, fir, maple, linden, plum and apple trees can be used to design a French garden.

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Chinese garden

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The Chinese garden is strictly hierarchical and has a central composition around which the other elements are arranged in a certain order. The garden structures here are usually bridges, pavilions, and stairs in bright colors – red, green, or yellow. The structure of the Chinese garden fully corresponds to the Feng Shui doctrine, which preaches harmony in the relationship between man and nature. Often in these gardens one designed such areas that present all four seasons. The winter area is planted with pine and juniper. In the spring area, cherry and almond trees bloom and smell, violets adorn the lawn, the summer corner houses oak, beech, ash and sycamore maple, and in the autumn corner you can enjoy maple with its seasonal colors. The Feng Shui doctrine confirms that properly organized planting in the garden helps us with family care and ensures a lot of success in our work. That is why there are three compulsory elements in Chinese gardens: plants, decorative hills and water, presented in the form of a small river or a pond.

So, these are our five garden design ideas today. Which style do you like best? What ideas do you want to use in your own garden?

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Garden design – 100 pictures, beautiful garden ideas and styles