Garden design and maintenance

Cutting berry bushes: useful gardening tips for 9 types of berries

Most berry trees need pruning to keep them healthy and produce good yields. In the article we have summarized several short instructions on the subject. Learn how to cut the various berry bushes and what to consider.

1. This is why you need to cut your berry bushes

Berry bushes cut raspberries and blackberries

Most berry bushes need pruning at least once a year. It promotes growth and fruit formation. The youngest shoots usually bear the sweetest and largest fruits. Therefore, especially the old, the sick and the dead branches are removed and the rest is only shortened.

Most types of berries are cut at the end of summer after the harvest time. There are, however, exceptions where pruning is also possible or necessary in the cold season (February – March).

2. This is how you can cut the various berry bushes

When to cut berry bushes useful gardening tips

With the right pruning technique, even an inexperienced hobby gardener can cut back. Most types of berries can be cut without much effort if you follow a few basic rules.

2.1 Cut raspberries

Berry bushes cut raspberries in summer and autumn

In the case of raspberries, a distinction is made between trees that bear summer and autumn. The first ripen in July, the second – in August. There are also varieties that produce fruit all summer long. The last ones are cut only in spring.

The summer raspberries produce fruits only on the shoots from the previous year. The pruning takes place in July – August. Only the old woody shoots that have already borne fruit are removed. They can be easily recognized by their brownish color.

In contrast to this, you can the autumn varieties also bear fruit on the new shoots. They are therefore cut back close to the ground after the harvest in late summer.

The two raspberry varieties need a second, nourishing cut in spring when the fresh branches are thinned out.

2.2. Cut the gooseberries

Berry bushes like gooseberries cut when and how

A young gooseberry bush only needs one parenting pruning in spring at the beginning. Only the 5 strongest rods are left and all others are cut off at ground level.

From the fourth year the plant can be cut back. The right time for this is in late summer. Keep to the rule of thumb: cut off old wood, keep new wood. The one- and two-year-old side shoots bear the largest and sweetest fruits – so these should not be removed under any circumstances. A healthy gooseberry bush also has between 5 and 7 main shoots. Renew the main shoots every 4 years by cutting off the old ones and letting new main shoots grow in their place. The other rods should be cut back at ground level.

2.3. Cut black currants

How and when to cut black currants

In the first year, all plant shoots except for the strongest four rods are cut off close to the ground. They are shortened to 25 cm.

The next year, after you harvest the black currants in late summer, you can give them a conservation cut. Only sick and old branches are removed. The pruning takes place in spring. Cut off any shoots four years or older at the ground level. You can clear the young shoots if necessary.

2.4 Cut josta berries

When and how josta berries cut berry bushes at a glance

In contrast to the other types of berries, Josta berries do not need to be pruned annually and can only cope with a maintenance cut. The shoots are thinned a little in July after the end of the harvest season.

2.5. Cut blackberries

Blackberries as a berry bush cut in spring

Since the blackberries bear fruit until September, there is no time for pruning in autumn. To avoid frost damage, it is best to cut the blackberries in late February – early March. It is sufficient if you thin out the shoots of the weakly growing varieties. Vigorously growing varieties require a training pruning in which all fruit-forming side shoots from the previous year are severely cut back.

2.6. Cut goji berries

How To Cut Berry Bushes Care Tips For Goji Berries

The goji berries are usually cut back in autumn. If you missed the right time for a parenting pruning, you can also prune the shrub in spring. Proceed as follows:

In the first year, shorten all the shoots of the young plant to 25 cm. In the second year, leave only the five strongest shoots. However, shorten it to a height of 50 cm. From the third year onwards, a parental allowance is an option. Remove all diseased, old and excessively long branches. After the fourth year, cut off the five main shoots and let two new shoots grow in their place.

2.7. Cut the chokeberry

Chokeberry bush pruning necessary or not

A chokeberry bush does not need regular pruning. Regularly check the plant for diseases and pests and only cut out the intersecting shoots.

2.8. Cut the cranberries

How to cut large-fruited cranberries correctly Gardening tips

The large-fruited cranberry, still known as cranberry, is a fast-growing plant. Therefore, she needs a parental cut every two to three years. Remove the old, diseased and overlapping shoots. In addition, you can thin out the plant if necessary.

2.9. Cut black elderberry

Berry bushes like black elder cut ideas

The black elder needs regular pruning. Simply cut off all of the shoots except for eleven new rods.

Almost all berry bushes need a caring pruning. When this occurs and which shoots have to be removed is species-specific.