An irregular floor plan is usually a challenge. The architects at 4M Group decided on precisely such a complex construction for the “H House” project. The inspiration comes from the traditional Albanian costume of men, the fustanella, and the rhythmic movement of the fabric while dancing. Due to the uneven distribution of the rooms, the team tried to reflect the cultural heritage of the Republic of Kosovo and to illustrate a renewed optimism in Pristina. The house exudes security, but has an open, light-flooded interior.
H House – Its irregular floor plan is adapted to the building site
As far as possible, recycled material was used for concrete and masonry elements. Since the climate is characterized by hot Mediterranean summers and winters, which can bring deep cold and heavy snow, the responsible use of energy was particularly important to the architects. The house benefits from both the good insulation and the deeply recessed windows that allow the winter sun to flood into the rooms.
Irregular floor plan and sustainability
For this project, the design team aimed for a passive use of solar energy, which is why the location and orientation of the house was adapted to these principles. At H House, the main components of the building are the heavily insulated reinforced concrete façades and the triple-glazed windows. The high thermal mass of components and the airtight construction withstand seasonal temperature fluctuations well and have led to a house that requires little energy to ensure a comfortable atmosphere in all weathers.
The orientation of the house is to the southwest, where large windows allow a view of the gardens and Prishtina. The windows are set back 1200 mm from the eaves to protect the rooms from the high sun in summer and to let the low winter sun flood into the interior of the house. The elevated position enables natural cross ventilation that cools the house in the summer months.
The house has a smart home system that automatically controls the glass slats and opens the skylights. The heating system consists of a double air / water heat pump that supplies the entire underfloor heating and can be supplemented by a wood pellet boiler at temperatures below -25 ° C.
Energy-saving lighting was used inside and outside, which is automatically switched off at night to further reduce energy consumption and light pollution. Water-efficient devices are used everywhere, electrical devices have the highest efficiency class.
Architects: 4M Group
Lead architects: Perparim Rama, Agron Mjekiqi, Fitim Muçaj
Area: 904.0 m2
Project year: 2016
Photography: Ilir Rizaj, Fitim Muçaj