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Influenza Vaccination – What You Should Know

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In autumn, when it is cooler and more humid, the risk of getting sick also increases. While a cold is not a major threat, has little impact on everyday life and can easily be treated by your doctor and with the right medication, there is another illness that is typical of this season and causes many worries. What is meant is the flu or influenza. In most cases it ensures that you need bed rest and, as the saying goes, that you are paralyzed. She is not to be trifled with at all. This is because it can have fatal health consequences and even lead to death. The Vaccination against influenza prevent.

The vaccination against flu – what speaks for it and what against it?

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But the Vaccination against influenza, which is recommended by doctors every year and is intended to protect our health, arouses debate in society and mainly two opinions. While some trust her and get vaccinated every year on time for autumn, others tend to be suspicious and insecure or even simply reject her. The latter are of this opinion due to various theories, according to which the Vaccination against influenza cause different diseases and even have fatal consequences. With this distrust, however, there is a risk that children will die of diseases for which vaccinations have actually been available for decades, and that only because some parents believe that the body has to strengthen its immune system by fighting diseases on its own. This also leads to the spread of dangerous, if not to say deadly, viruses and epidemics.

Since autumn has already come, the theme is the Vaccination against influenza very timely. When it comes to the flu, there are a few things everyone should know in order to properly manage the flu. Not to be underestimated, however, are the complications that can arise after the flu.

Vaccination against the flu – what exactly is the flu?

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The difference between the flu, which causes respiratory infections, and other respiratory infections is that it affects and disrupts the body more so that a home cure is required. A common cold, for example, does not prevent us from moving on with everyday things. The flu virus is extremely contagious and the condition itself can worsen quickly at any time.

There is also a risk of bacterial infection in addition to viral infection. And it is precisely this combination that is so dangerous for the respiratory tract and lung function, as well as the organism. The consequences can be fatal, especially for patients over 65 years of age and children.

Vaccination against influenza – We should get vaccinated?

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That is why it is so important that you take measures in advance. This is especially true for the risk groups mentioned above. the Vaccination against influenza works against the strain of flu, which changes every year. Of course, there are also anti-flu medications that can be used when you are already sick. You must start taking them as early as 24 to 48 hours after the first symptoms, otherwise their effect is minimal. Still, they are nowhere near as effective as that Vaccination against influenza.

You should also know that this flu and the associated vaccination has nothing to do with the other types of flu. So this can Vaccination against influenza For example, do not protect you from swine flu. There is another type of vaccination for this. In the same way, the flu vaccination does not work against other microorganisms.

What types of Vaccination against influenza is there?

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There are basically two types of flu vaccinations. In one case, dead flu viruses are injected into the organism in the form of a syringe. The second variant, the nasal Vaccination against influenza, use a nasal spray that contains live but weakened viruses. The viruses themselves are obtained through a technology that uses eggs.

Vaccination against influenza – Why do we have to get vaccinated every year?

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The tricky thing about the flu is that the viruses change every year. A new virus strain is created. That is also the reason why the Vaccination against influenza needs to be renewed every year. The body only has immunity against the current virus strain, but not against the strain of the following year.

And this is where scientists come in. So every year a suitable one Vaccination against influenza Scientists have to foresee what kind of viruses will be responsible for epidemics in the next year and how they will change, i.e. what the next virus strain will be. These are experts who are very familiar with the properties and special features of the flu virus. And as you know, it has always been possible to find a suitable one Vaccination against influenza to accomplish. So if you get vaccinated, this vaccination only works against the strain of virus for which it is intended and only after 2 weeks.

Active and inactive vaccines – what are they?

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Active and inactive vaccines denote live and dead vaccination. Accordingly, in the inactive vaccination, dead pathogens (in this case flu viruses) are injected intramuscularly. If the virus gets into the organism, the immune system reacts by producing antibodies, which is easier for it because the viruses are already dead. In this way, the organism is prepared for infection with the living virus and has sufficient antibodies to fight them without delay and protect the body. So the flu stays away. And that is exactly what the Vaccination against influenza Only the necessary amount of viruses is passed into the body with which the body can strengthen the immune system by producing the necessary antibodies.

The active vaccines are also injected intramuscularly into the body. However, in this case the pathogens are alive and weakened. The principle behind this type of Vaccination against influenza but is the same. The so-called live vaccination against influenza usually takes place via the upper arm, whereby the area is well disinfected beforehand.

Vaccination against influenza – when should we get vaccinated?

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In principle, you should definitely get the vaccination as early as possible. But if you forgot or didn’t have time to see a doctor, this is it Vaccination against influenza also possible at the end of November and even December. But that also depends on the epidemiological situation.

You should know that after the vaccination, the body needs sufficient time (15 to 20 days) to develop immunity against the flu (this also applies to all other vaccinations). Since the body after the Vaccination against influenza If it takes 3 to 4 weeks to produce enough antibodies with which to fight the “real” flu, the vaccination should take place at least one month before the expected start of the flu epidemic. It is also very important that you are healthy when you do the Vaccination against influenza obtain. The end of November is best for the flu shot. The reason for this is that at this time one is usually still healthy and the body still has enough time to produce the necessary antibodies.

the Vaccination against influenza works for a year. The immunity is strongest in the first six months.

Vaccination against flu – what side effects exist?

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Side effects are not a common occurrence with the Vaccination against influenza. They only occur in isolated cases and show up in the form of pain at the injection site, muscle pain, high temperature and malaise.

With the nasal Vaccination against influenza, which is mostly used on children, it can lead to headaches, runny nose, sore throat and cough. In children, a slightly increased temperature is possible, as well as pain in the muscles. Only cases involving an allergic reaction are dangerous.

We hope we have been able to give you a good overview and have made it easier for you to decide whether or not to get vaccinated. In principle it gives you that Vaccination against influenza a guarantee of health. If you are still not sure, you can consult with your doctor and ask them to explain the advantages and disadvantages to you.